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4th Quarter 2016

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Total for All Occupations

Employment Employment Change Average Annual Job Openings Wage
2016 2021 Numerical Percent New Jobs Replacement Jobs Total Median Hourly Median Annual
1,330,411 1,430,890 100,479 7.55% 20,096 31,288 51,385 $24.87 $51,729
    Employment Employment Change Average Annual Job Openings Wages and Training Levels
Occupation SOC 2016 2021 Numerical Percent New Jobs Replacement Jobs Total Median Hourly Median Annual Education and Training Level
Accountants and Auditors 13-2011 15922 16641 719 5% 144 438 581 $30.83 $64,136 Bachelor's degree
Actors 27-2011 623 684 60 10% 12 26 38 $16.76 $34,870 Some college, no degree
Actuaries 15-2011 103 114 10 10% 2 3 5 $43.87 $91,240 Bachelor's degree
Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders 51-9191 32 35 3 9% 1 1 1 $14.88 $30,947 High school diploma or equivalent
Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers 23-1021 292 291 -1 0% 0 4 4 $60.00 $124,808 Doctoral or professional degree
Administrative Services Managers 11-3011 2217 2364 147 7% 29 43 73 $39.46 $82,071 Bachelor's degree
Adult Basic and Secondary Education and Literacy Teachers and Instructors 25-3011 467 534 67 14% 13 10 23 $27.65 $57,506 Bachelor's degree
Advertising and Promotions Managers 11-2011 274 281 7 3% 1 9 10 $37.51 $78,030 Bachelor's degree
Advertising Sales Agents 41-3011 1005 970 -35 -3% -7 29 22 $22.77 $47,361 High school diploma or equivalent
Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 17-3021 101 103 1 1% 0 3 3 $39.73 $82,636 Associate's degree
Aerospace Engineers 17-2011 296 316 20 7% 4 9 13 $59.87 $124,520 Bachelor's degree
Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 13-1011 268 279 11 4% 2 9 11 $19.21 $39,966 Bachelor's degree
Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 19-4011 253 255 2 1% 0 8 9 $18.29 $38,038 Associate's degree
Agricultural Engineers 17-2021 24 26 2 4% 0 1 1 $47.14 $98,048 Bachelor's degree
Agricultural Equipment Operators 45-2091 649 722 73 11% 15 19 33 $11.40 $23,711 No formal educational credential
Agricultural Inspectors 45-2011 231 229 -2 0% 0 6 5 $14.96 $31,114 Bachelor's degree
Agricultural Workers, All Other 45-2099 109 108 -1 -2% 0 3 3 $13.91 $28,927 No formal educational credential
Air Traffic Controllers 53-2021 92 96 4 4% 1 3 4 $71.52 $148,765 Associate's degree
Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 53-1011 59 67 8 14% 2 2 4 $22.60 $47,008 High school diploma or equivalent
Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 49-3011 518 579 61 12% 12 13 26 $30.75 $63,955 Postsecondary nondegree award
Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 51-2011 126 139 13 11% 3 3 5 $24.14 $50,209 High school diploma or equivalent
Airfield Operations Specialists 53-2022 33 35 3 9% 1 1 2 $41.37 $86,044 High school diploma or equivalent
Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 53-2011 119 141 22 18% 4 3 8 $51.40 $106,920 Bachelor's degree
Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 53-3011 174 204 31 18% 6 3 9 $13.14 $27,336 High school diploma or equivalent
Amusement and Recreation Attendants 39-3091 3650 3858 208 6% 42 159 200 $9.83 $20,450 No formal educational credential
Anesthesiologists 29-1061 264 284 19 7% 4 7 11 $114.13 $237,380 Doctoral or professional degree
Animal Breeders 45-2021 22 22 0 0% 0 1 1 $16.92 $35,188 High school diploma or equivalent
Animal Control Workers 33-9011 58 61 3 5% 1 1 2 $25.79 $53,637 High school diploma or equivalent
Animal Scientists 19-1011 3 3 0 0% 0 0 0 $41.58 $86,480 Bachelor's degree
Animal Trainers 39-2011 1051 1096 45 4% 9 39 48 $13.85 $28,817 High school diploma or equivalent
Anthropologists and Archaeologists 19-3091 170 169 -1 -1% 0 2 2 $28.98 $60,272 Master's degree
Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 13-2021 3118 3180 62 2% 12 51 63 $22.80 $47,421 Bachelor's degree
Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators 23-1022 125 134 9 8% 2 2 4 $32.87 $68,362 Bachelor's degree
Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 17-1011 1655 1656 1 0% 0 27 27 $35.36 $73,548 Bachelor's degree
Architectural and Civil Drafters 17-3011 933 921 -11 -1% -2 11 9 $27.36 $56,900 Associate's degree
Architectural and Engineering Managers 11-9041 1402 1470 68 5% 14 44 58 $64.91 $135,007 Bachelor's degree
Archivists 25-4011 18 18 0 0% 0 1 1 $25.31 $52,650 Master's degree
Art Directors 27-1011 861 910 49 6% 10 17 27 $21.68 $45,104 Bachelor's degree
Artists and Related Workers, All Other 27-1019 202 225 23 11% 5 4 9 $16.35 $34,016 No formal educational credential
Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 51-2099 590 700 110 18% 22 14 36 $14.00 $29,129 High school diploma or equivalent
Astronomers 19-2011 5 6 0 0% 0 0 0 $65.56 $136,357 Doctoral or professional degree
Athletes and Sports Competitors 27-2021 255 282 27 10% 5 9 14 $33.21 $69,071 No formal educational credential
Athletic Trainers 29-9091 151 170 19 13% 4 3 7 $23.18 $48,207 Bachelor's degree
Atmospheric and Space Scientists 19-2021 43 46 3 7% 1 1 1 $51.23 $106,553 Bachelor's degree
Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 27-4011 524 559 35 7% 7 10 17 $17.10 $35,576 Postsecondary nondegree award
Audio-Visual and Multimedia Collections Specialists 25-9011 69 72 3 4% 1 1 1 $21.17 $44,028 Bachelor's degree
Audiologists 29-1181 88 103 16 18% 3 2 5 $41.32 $85,940 Doctoral or professional degree
Automotive and Watercraft Service Attendants 53-6031 689 758 69 10% 14 29 43 $11.63 $24,200 No formal educational credential
Automotive Body and Related Repairers 49-3021 1400 1524 124 9% 25 34 59 $17.10 $35,565 High school diploma or equivalent
Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 49-3022 214 233 19 9% 4 3 7 $19.33 $40,211 High school diploma or equivalent
Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 49-3023 6347 6732 385 6% 77 177 254 $18.21 $37,885 Postsecondary nondegree award
Avionics Technicians 49-2091 66 72 6 9% 1 1 2 $33.17 $68,998 Associate's degree
Baggage Porters and Bellhops 39-6011 204 225 21 10% 4 4 9 $9.54 $19,834 High school diploma or equivalent
Bailiffs 33-3011 16 18 2 13% 0 0 1 $18.30 $38,058 High school diploma or equivalent
Bakers 51-3011 1379 1537 158 11% 32 32 64 $14.13 $29,382 No formal educational credential
Barbers 39-5011 1032 1214 182 18% 36 22 58 $11.37 $23,646 Postsecondary nondegree award
Bartenders 35-3011 3437 3804 367 11% 73 138 212 $11.61 $24,152 No formal educational credential
Bicycle Repairers 49-3091 239 252 13 5% 3 8 11 $14.29 $29,724 High school diploma or equivalent
Bill and Account Collectors 43-3011 2106 2173 67 3% 13 53 66 $17.55 $36,510 High school diploma or equivalent
Billing and Posting Clerks 43-3021 3781 4245 463 12% 93 86 178 $19.50 $40,550 High school diploma or equivalent
Biochemists and Biophysicists 19-1021 243 262 19 8% 4 7 11 $27.45 $57,092 Doctoral or professional degree
Biological Scientists, All Other 19-1029 1102 1123 21 2% 4 30 34 $38.63 $80,360 Bachelor's degree
Biological Technicians 19-4021 574 600 26 5% 5 16 22 $18.28 $38,017 Bachelor's degree
Biomedical Engineers 17-2031 282 326 44 16% 9 8 17 $27.89 $58,013 Bachelor's degree
Boilermakers 47-2011 22 28 6 27% 1 0 2 $39.03 $81,193 High school diploma or equivalent
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 43-3031 13964 14086 123 1% 24 138 163 $19.11 $39,747 Some college, no degree
Brickmasons and Blockmasons 47-2021 696 807 111 16% 22 6 29 $25.73 $53,510 High school diploma or equivalent
Bridge and Lock Tenders 53-6011 15 15 0 0% 0 1 1 $22.15 $46,076 High school diploma or equivalent
Broadcast News Analysts 27-3021 48 49 1 2% 0 2 2 $34.71 $72,195 Bachelor's degree
Broadcast Technicians 27-4012 277 275 -2 -1% 0 5 5 $21.46 $44,641 Associate's degree
Brokerage Clerks 43-4011 210 234 24 12% 5 5 10 $23.02 $47,887 High school diploma or equivalent
Budget Analysts 13-2031 650 662 11 2% 2 16 19 $32.89 $68,405 Bachelor's degree
Building Cleaning Workers, All Other 37-2019 152 156 4 2% 1 3 4 $15.40 $32,036 No formal educational credential
Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 49-3031 1879 2060 181 10% 36 34 71 $23.17 $48,195 High school diploma or equivalent
Bus Drivers, School or Special Client 53-3022 2028 2400 372 18% 74 30 104 $15.94 $33,155 High school diploma or equivalent
Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 53-3021 1629 1733 104 6% 21 22 43 $23.99 $49,899 High school diploma or equivalent
Business Operations Specialists, All Other 13-1199 9667 10157 490 5% 98 119 217 $33.94 $70,594 Bachelor's degree
Butchers and Meat Cutters 51-3021 1313 1405 92 7% 18 27 46 $16.85 $35,054 No formal educational credential
Buyers and Purchasing Agents, Farm Products 13-1021 58 59 1 2% 0 1 1 $33.28 $69,217 Bachelor's degree
Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 51-7011 661 657 -4 -1% -1 5 4 $17.56 $36,528 High school diploma or equivalent
Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 49-9061 8 8 0 0% 0 0 0 $20.11 $41,833 Associate's degree
Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 27-4031 158 170 13 8% 3 2 4 $23.20 $48,266 Bachelor's degree
Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 53-5021 156 162 7 5% 1 6 8 $36.92 $76,803 Postsecondary nondegree award
Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 29-2031 263 295 32 12% 6 5 12 $36.62 $76,168 Associate's degree
Career/Technical Education Teachers, Middle School 25-2023 23 29 6 22% 1 1 2 $23.43 $48,743 Bachelor's degree
Career/Technical Education Teachers, Secondary School 25-2032 192 223 31 16% 6 5 11 $29.84 $62,065 Bachelor's degree
Cargo and Freight Agents 43-5011 240 268 27 11% 6 8 14 $24.62 $51,215 High school diploma or equivalent
Carpenters 47-2031 11848 12097 249 2% 50 138 188 $18.17 $37,801 High school diploma or equivalent
Carpet Installers 47-2041 330 321 -9 -3% -2 5 3 $19.26 $40,057 No formal educational credential
Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 17-1021 225 252 28 13% 6 7 13 $34.92 $72,638 Bachelor's degree
Cashiers 41-2011 26403 27898 1495 6% 299 1167 1466 $9.83 $20,448 No formal educational credential
Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 47-2051 1671 1754 83 5% 17 21 38 $21.36 $44,429 No formal educational credential
Chefs and Head Cooks 35-1011 1817 2001 184 10% 37 29 66 $18.81 $39,123 High school diploma or equivalent
Chemical Engineers 17-2041 129 143 14 12% 3 4 7 $27.11 $56,395 Bachelor's degree
Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 51-9011 281 315 34 12% 7 10 16 $31.61 $65,755 High school diploma or equivalent
Chemical Plant and System Operators 51-8091 31 40 9 29% 2 1 3 $25.64 $53,336 High school diploma or equivalent
Chemical Technicians 19-4031 167 178 11 7% 2 5 7 $20.19 $42,005 Associate's degree
Chemists 19-2031 528 554 25 5% 5 12 17 $33.28 $69,224 Bachelor's degree
Chief Executives 11-1011 5594 6011 417 7% 83 100 183 $45.48 $94,595 Bachelor's degree
Child, Family, and School Social Workers 21-1021 1951 2005 55 3% 11 48 59 $21.05 $43,781 Bachelor's degree
Childcare Workers 39-9011 11220 9381 -1840 -16% -368 295 -73 $9.05 $18,819 High school diploma or equivalent
Chiropractors 29-1011 441 437 -4 -1% -1 8 7 $32.65 $67,904 Doctoral or professional degree
Choreographers 27-2032 49 52 3 4% 1 2 2 $25.33 $52,695 High school diploma or equivalent
Civil Engineering Technicians 17-3022 687 693 6 1% 1 17 18 $31.65 $65,828 Associate's degree
Civil Engineers 17-2051 5221 5312 91 2% 18 156 174 $47.94 $99,716 Bachelor's degree
Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 13-1031 3869 4008 139 4% 28 98 126 $31.71 $65,948 High school diploma or equivalent
Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 53-7061 3217 3422 206 6% 41 117 158 $11.21 $23,313 No formal educational credential
Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 51-9192 108 119 11 10% 2 3 5 $14.47 $30,093 No formal educational credential
Clergy 21-2011 1622 1634 13 1% 3 35 37 $19.88 $41,349 Bachelor's degree
Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 19-3031 2870 3011 141 5% 28 64 92 $38.05 $79,145 Doctoral or professional degree
Coaches and Scouts 27-2022 3182 3461 280 9% 56 114 170 $14.59 $30,353 Bachelor's degree
Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-9121 250 285 35 14% 7 5 12 $15.88 $33,037 High school diploma or equivalent
Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 51-2021 6 6 0 0% 0 0 0 $13.02 $27,078 High school diploma or equivalent
Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 49-9091 252 217 -35 -14% -7 3 -4 $18.00 $37,430 High school diploma or equivalent
Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 35-3021 23435 26402 2967 13% 593 822 1416 $9.45 $19,646 No formal educational credential
Commercial and Industrial Designers 27-1021 300 323 23 8% 5 7 12 $26.15 $54,387 Bachelor's degree
Commercial Divers 49-9092 32 29 -3 -13% -1 0 0 $15.48 $32,204 Postsecondary nondegree award
Commercial Pilots 53-2012 184 223 39 21% 8 5 13 $42.62 $88,658 High school diploma or equivalent
Communications Equipment Operators, All Other 43-2099 12 13 0 0% 0 0 0 $17.13 $35,627 High school diploma or equivalent
Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 21-1099 831 908 76 9% 15 17 33 $30.75 $63,957 Master's degree
Community Health Workers 21-1094 442 511 69 16% 14 10 23 $18.06 $37,573 High school diploma or equivalent
Compensation and Benefits Managers 11-3111 74 80 5 7% 1 2 3 $57.11 $118,785 Bachelor's degree
Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 13-1141 1999 2048 49 2% 10 49 59 $30.11 $62,639 Bachelor's degree
Compliance Officers 13-1041 2157 2267 110 5% 22 31 53 $34.57 $71,902 Bachelor's degree
Computer and Information Research Scientists 15-1111 83 91 8 10% 2 1 3 $59.89 $124,564 Doctoral or professional degree
Computer and Information Systems Managers 11-3021 2474 2689 215 9% 43 31 74 $52.45 $109,092 Bachelor's degree
Computer Hardware Engineers 17-2061 656 671 15 2% 3 14 17 $57.04 $118,637 Bachelor's degree
Computer Network Architects 15-1143 722 773 51 7% 10 10 20 $57.02 $118,612 Bachelor's degree
Computer Network Support Specialists 15-1152 1115 1223 108 10% 22 15 37 $36.81 $76,571 Associate's degree
Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic 51-4012 28 34 6 22% 1 1 2 $24.85 $51,693 High school diploma or equivalent
Computer Occupations, All Other 15-1199 1331 1403 72 5% 14 18 32 $36.14 $75,176 Bachelor's degree
Computer Operators 43-9011 564 547 -17 -3% -3 4 1 $23.40 $48,664 High school diploma or equivalent
Computer Programmers 15-1131 3993 3900 -92 -2% -18 97 79 $38.01 $79,068 Bachelor's degree
Computer Systems Analysts 15-1121 9491 10261 770 8% 154 129 283 $38.59 $80,274 Bachelor's degree
Computer User Support Specialists 15-1151 4132 4516 384 9% 77 56 133 $25.98 $54,029 Some college, no degree
Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 49-2011 1277 1223 -54 -4% -11 24 13 $17.98 $37,394 Some college, no degree
Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 51-4011 344 403 58 17% 12 12 23 $17.75 $36,922 High school diploma or equivalent
Concierges 39-6012 62 75 13 23% 3 1 4 $16.34 $33,978 High school diploma or equivalent
Conservation Scientists 19-1031 177 185 8 5% 2 8 10 $35.42 $73,668 Bachelor's degree
Construction and Building Inspectors 47-4011 1002 1033 32 3% 6 28 35 $32.39 $67,362 High school diploma or equivalent
Construction and Related Workers, All Other 47-4099 252 276 24 10% 5 4 9 $17.63 $36,670 High school diploma or equivalent
Construction Laborers 47-2061 12047 13020 974 8% 195 253 447 $16.84 $35,035 No formal educational credential
Construction Managers 11-9021 3826 3692 -134 -4% -27 52 26 $32.64 $67,883 Bachelor's degree
Continuous Mining Machine Operators 47-5041 27 25 -2 -8% 0 0 0 $29.22 $60,780 No formal educational credential
Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 49-9012 242 279 37 15% 7 11 18 $26.92 $56,001 High school diploma or equivalent
Conveyor Operators and Tenders 53-7011 118 131 13 11% 3 4 6 $25.02 $52,039 No formal educational credential
Cooks, All Other 35-2019 146 162 17 12% 3 4 8 $13.54 $28,169 No formal educational credential
Cooks, Fast Food 35-2011 6880 6795 -85 -1% -17 182 165 $9.58 $19,925 No formal educational credential
Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 35-2012 1827 2152 325 18% 65 54 119 $14.12 $29,368 No formal educational credential
Cooks, Private Household 35-2013 3 3 -1 -33% 0 0 0 $13.06 $27,167 Postsecondary nondegree award
Cooks, Restaurant 35-2014 6853 7720 867 13% 174 197 370 $12.08 $25,118 No formal educational credential
Cooks, Short Order 35-2015 2362 2423 61 3% 12 64 76 $11.02 $22,912 No formal educational credential
Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 51-9193 13 13 0 0% 0 0 0 $15.22 $31,651 High school diploma or equivalent
Correctional Officers and Jailers 33-3012 2959 3022 62 2% 12 82 95 $35.47 $73,782 High school diploma or equivalent
Correspondence Clerks 43-4021 41 41 0 0% 0 1 1 $16.27 $33,848 High school diploma or equivalent
Cost Estimators 13-1051 2279 2433 154 7% 31 68 99 $28.80 $59,910 Bachelor's degree
Costume Attendants 39-3092 30 31 1 3% 0 1 2 $24.15 $50,224 High school diploma or equivalent
Counselors, All Other 21-1019 279 315 35 13% 7 6 13 $20.63 $42,920 Master's degree
Counter and Rental Clerks 41-2021 5476 5711 235 4% 47 139 186 $12.63 $26,277 No formal educational credential
Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 35-3022 2858 3180 323 11% 65 185 250 $9.67 $20,119 No formal educational credential
Couriers and Messengers 43-5021 2371 2384 13 1% 3 30 33 $14.51 $30,183 High school diploma or equivalent
Court Reporters 23-2091 566 566 1 0% 0 13 13 $25.98 $54,049 Postsecondary nondegree award
Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 43-4031 2202 2237 35 2% 7 13 20 $21.41 $44,526 High school diploma or equivalent
Craft Artists 27-1012 717 769 52 7% 10 14 25 $6.81 $14,172 No formal educational credential
Crane and Tower Operators 53-7021 62 69 8 13% 1 2 4 $40.92 $85,111 High school diploma or equivalent
Credit Analysts 13-2041 400 409 9 2% 2 18 19 $26.98 $56,122 Bachelor's degree
Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 43-4041 57 61 4 9% 1 0 1 $18.64 $38,774 High school diploma or equivalent
Credit Counselors 13-2071 211 226 15 8% 3 4 7 $24.08 $50,085 Bachelor's degree
Crossing Guards 33-9091 396 414 18 5% 4 7 11 $11.38 $23,673 No formal educational credential
Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-9021 80 85 5 6% 1 2 3 $17.11 $35,591 High school diploma or equivalent
Curators 25-4012 60 65 5 8% 1 2 3 $28.06 $58,357 Master's degree
Customer Service Representatives 43-4051 15317 17144 1827 12% 365 407 773 $17.39 $36,173 High school diploma or equivalent
Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 51-9031 12 13 1 8% 0 0 1 $13.95 $29,021 No formal educational credential
Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-9032 186 205 19 10% 4 4 8 $18.64 $38,765 High school diploma or equivalent
Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4031 487 499 11 2% 2 6 9 $14.75 $30,675 High school diploma or equivalent
Dancers 27-2031 178 182 4 2% 1 6 7 $17.31 $36,011 No formal educational credential
Data Entry Keyers 43-9021 2391 2431 39 2% 8 31 39 $18.14 $37,724 High school diploma or equivalent
Database Administrators 15-1141 685 744 59 8% 12 16 27 $37.48 $77,960 Bachelor's degree
Demonstrators and Product Promoters 41-9011 1023 1013 -10 -1% -2 30 28 $16.32 $33,947 High school diploma or equivalent
Dental Assistants 31-9091 3384 3826 442 13% 88 91 179 $19.71 $40,992 Postsecondary nondegree award
Dental Hygienists 29-2021 2221 2499 278 13% 56 39 95 $45.93 $95,530 Associate's degree
Dental Laboratory Technicians 51-9081 446 581 135 30% 27 13 40 $19.77 $41,126 High school diploma or equivalent
Dentists, All Other Specialists 29-1029 83 90 7 9% 1 2 3 $116.79 $242,921 Doctoral or professional degree
Dentists, General 29-1021 1350 1512 162 12% 32 30 62 $77.33 $160,847 Doctoral or professional degree
Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas 47-5011 28 36 7 25% 1 1 3 $26.45 $55,015 No formal educational credential
Designers, All Other 27-1029 53 58 5 10% 1 1 2 $23.99 $49,893 Bachelor's degree
Desktop Publishers 43-9031 130 125 -5 -4% -1 3 2 $25.67 $53,404 Associate's degree
Detectives and Criminal Investigators 33-3021 1154 1176 22 2% 4 28 33 $37.28 $77,539 High school diploma or equivalent
Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 29-2032 424 481 57 13% 11 9 20 $53.22 $110,692 Associate's degree
Dietetic Technicians 29-2051 244 271 27 11% 5 3 8 $17.49 $36,380 Associate's degree
Dietitians and Nutritionists 29-1031 827 921 94 12% 19 7 26 $34.36 $71,462 Bachelor's degree
Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 35-9011 4433 4756 323 7% 64 233 297 $9.42 $19,599 No formal educational credential
Directors, Religious Activities and Education 21-2021 570 536 -34 -6% -7 15 8 $18.73 $38,948 Bachelor's degree
Dishwashers 35-9021 4526 4699 174 4% 35 201 236 $9.47 $19,696 No formal educational credential
Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 43-5032 2020 2208 188 9% 38 54 91 $17.09 $35,552 High school diploma or equivalent
Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 41-9091 8127 8030 -98 -1% -20 66 47 $12.88 $26,799 No formal educational credential
Drafters, All Other 17-3019 42 44 3 7% 1 0 1 $26.68 $55,486 Associate's degree
Dredge Operators 53-7031 4 4 0 0% 0 0 0 $21.17 $44,026 High school diploma or equivalent
Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4032 16 17 1 0% 0 0 0 $15.92 $33,116 High school diploma or equivalent
Driver/Sales Workers 53-3031 2185 2444 259 12% 52 40 92 $16.33 $33,968 High school diploma or equivalent
Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 47-2081 2081 1920 -161 -8% -32 12 -20 $21.20 $44,088 No formal educational credential
Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 47-5021 146 161 15 11% 3 4 7 $27.66 $57,536 High school diploma or equivalent
Economists 19-3011 175 181 7 4% 1 5 6 $34.48 $71,724 Master's degree
Editors 27-3041 1290 1350 59 5% 12 48 60 $22.18 $46,129 Bachelor's degree
Education Administrators, All Other 11-9039 339 371 32 9% 6 10 17 $31.61 $65,739 Bachelor's degree
Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 11-9032 1502 1602 99 7% 20 46 65 $50.71 $105,475 Master's degree
Education Administrators, Postsecondary 11-9033 843 855 11 1% 2 25 27 $51.40 $106,905 Master's degree
Education Administrators, Preschool and Childcare Center/Program 11-9031 632 602 -30 -5% -6 18 12 $15.21 $31,629 Bachelor's degree
Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 25-9099 2305 2365 60 3% 12 22 34 $14.17 $29,471 Bachelor's degree
Educational, Guidance, School, and Vocational Counselors 21-1012 1975 2099 124 6% 25 43 68 $29.90 $62,191 Master's degree
Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 49-2092 46 48 2 2% 0 1 2 $22.52 $46,852 Postsecondary nondegree award
Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 51-2022 1800 1803 2 0% 1 22 23 $16.43 $34,167 High school diploma or equivalent
Electrical and Electronics Drafters 17-3012 259 274 16 6% 3 3 6 $29.29 $60,920 Associate's degree
Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technicians 17-3023 724 744 21 3% 4 18 22 $31.45 $65,413 Associate's degree
Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 49-2093 78 83 6 8% 1 1 3 $34.98 $72,761 Postsecondary nondegree award
Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 49-2094 215 229 13 6% 3 4 7 $34.22 $71,169 Postsecondary nondegree award
Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 49-2095 44 53 9 21% 2 1 3 $42.32 $88,023 Postsecondary nondegree award
Electrical Engineers 17-2071 1366 1434 68 5% 14 31 45 $44.19 $91,918 Bachelor's degree
Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 49-9051 431 581 150 35% 30 21 51 $50.17 $104,355 High school diploma or equivalent
Electricians 47-2111 4548 5206 657 14% 131 76 207 $29.05 $60,433 High school diploma or equivalent
Electro-Mechanical Technicians 17-3024 26 28 2 8% 0 1 1 $28.74 $59,789 Associate's degree
Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 51-2023 205 217 12 6% 2 3 5 $12.30 $25,589 High school diploma or equivalent
Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 49-2096 50 40 -10 -20% -2 1 -1 $14.88 $30,947 Postsecondary nondegree award
Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 49-2097 198 190 -7 -4% -1 3 1 $17.32 $36,035 Postsecondary nondegree award
Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 17-2072 1000 1043 44 4% 9 23 31 $50.74 $105,535 Bachelor's degree
Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 25-2021 9213 9843 629 7% 126 213 338 $33.44 $69,556 Bachelor's degree
Elevator Installers and Repairers 47-4021 176 191 15 9% 3 3 6 $57.56 $119,735 High school diploma or equivalent
Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 43-4061 1587 1576 -10 -1% -2 17 15 $24.48 $50,914 High school diploma or equivalent
Embalmers 39-4011 31 31 -1 -3% 0 1 1 $22.68 $47,165 Postsecondary nondegree award
Emergency Management Directors 11-9161 80 82 3 4% 1 1 2 $42.43 $88,249 Bachelor's degree
Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 29-2041 1188 1396 208 18% 42 22 63 $18.95 $39,408 Postsecondary nondegree award
Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 51-2031 104 117 13 13% 3 2 5 $14.89 $30,967 High school diploma or equivalent
Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 17-3029 364 385 21 6% 4 9 14 $26.26 $54,619 Associate's degree
Engineers, All Other 17-2199 1116 1170 55 5% 11 23 34 $44.30 $92,134 Bachelor's degree
Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other 27-2099 784 845 61 8% 12 26 38 $19.38 $40,317 No formal educational credential
Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers, All Other 39-3099 73 89 16 21% 3 4 7 $11.47 $23,850 High school diploma or equivalent
Environmental Engineering Technicians 17-3025 81 85 4 4% 1 2 3 $26.24 $54,586 Associate's degree
Environmental Engineers 17-2081 983 1023 40 4% 8 29 37 $50.36 $104,739 Bachelor's degree
Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 19-4091 375 377 2 1% 0 16 16 $17.71 $36,843 Associate's degree
Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 19-2041 2608 2688 81 3% 16 82 98 $36.50 $75,912 Bachelor's degree
Epidemiologists 19-1041 128 131 3 2% 1 4 5 $38.51 $80,104 Master's degree
Etchers and Engravers 51-9194 26 27 1 4% 0 1 1 $15.74 $32,746 High school diploma or equivalent
Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 53-7032 253 257 4 1% 1 3 4 $24.61 $51,190 High school diploma or equivalent
Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants 43-6011 5699 5703 4 0% 1 60 61 $25.11 $52,223 High school diploma or equivalent
Exercise Physiologists 29-1128 160 169 9 6% 2 2 4 $23.98 $49,868 Bachelor's degree
Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters 47-5031 4 4 0 0% 0 0 0 $25.85 $53,775 High school diploma or equivalent
Extraction Workers, All Other 47-5099 14 16 1 7% 0 0 0 $23.83 $49,566 High school diploma or equivalent
Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4021 74 80 6 10% 1 2 3 $16.39 $34,086 High school diploma or equivalent
Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers 51-6091 26 32 7 28% 1 0 2 $14.92 $31,041 High school diploma or equivalent
Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-9041 212 234 22 10% 4 8 12 $13.73 $28,548 High school diploma or equivalent
Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 51-6092 1 1 0 0% 0 0 0 $24.84 $51,659 High school diploma or equivalent
Fabric Menders, Except Garment 49-9093 2 2 0 0% 0 0 0 $9.33 $19,409 No formal educational credential
Fallers 45-4021 37 38 1 3% 0 1 1 $15.98 $33,233 High school diploma or equivalent
Family and General Practitioners 29-1062 1188 1273 86 7% 17 34 51 $79.26 $164,870 Doctoral or professional degree
Farm and Home Management Advisors 25-9021 74 78 5 7% 1 1 2 $25.51 $53,054 Master's degree
Farm Equipment Mechanics and Service Technicians 49-3041 320 348 27 8% 5 8 13 $22.89 $47,606 High school diploma or equivalent
Farm Labor Contractors 13-1074 20 26 6 32% 1 0 1 $21.79 $45,320 No formal educational credential
Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers 11-9013 6131 5981 -151 -2% -30 103 73 $15.97 $33,212 High school diploma or equivalent
Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 45-2092 8319 8816 497 6% 100 231 330 $9.84 $20,459 No formal educational credential
Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals 45-2093 639 646 7 1% 1 17 18 $11.76 $24,453 No formal educational credential
Fashion Designers 27-1022 149 164 16 11% 3 4 7 $28.72 $59,734 Bachelor's degree
Fence Erectors 47-4031 312 317 4 1% 1 6 7 $15.98 $33,246 No formal educational credential
Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 51-2091 35 40 4 11% 1 1 2 $15.58 $32,401 High school diploma or equivalent
File Clerks 43-4071 1160 1193 33 3% 7 24 30 $14.81 $30,810 High school diploma or equivalent
Film and Video Editors 27-4032 191 214 23 12% 5 2 6 $28.62 $59,526 Bachelor's degree
Financial Analysts 13-2051 2389 2535 146 6% 29 51 80 $34.74 $72,249 Bachelor's degree
Financial Clerks, All Other 43-3099 281 292 12 4% 2 8 10 $16.82 $34,990 High school diploma or equivalent
Financial Examiners 13-2061 343 358 16 5% 3 9 12 $37.58 $78,163 Bachelor's degree
Financial Managers 11-3031 6717 7258 541 8% 108 167 276 $45.53 $94,711 Bachelor's degree
Financial Specialists, All Other 13-2099 1156 1199 43 4% 9 12 21 $29.45 $61,250 Bachelor's degree
Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 27-1013 1453 1541 89 6% 18 28 46 $10.58 $22,016 Bachelor's degree
Fire Inspectors and Investigators 33-2021 93 96 3 4% 1 3 3 $38.73 $80,550 Postsecondary nondegree award
Firefighters 33-2011 2805 2883 78 3% 16 83 98 $28.44 $59,165 Postsecondary nondegree award
First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 47-1011 4370 4436 66 2% 13 35 48 $29.37 $61,100 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Correctional Officers 33-1011 586 592 7 1% 1 17 18 $31.84 $66,237 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 45-1011 498 515 16 3% 3 12 16 $21.91 $45,573 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 33-1021 374 387 13 3% 3 18 21 $44.92 $93,434 Postsecondary nondegree award
First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 35-1012 6445 7159 714 11% 143 206 349 $13.45 $27,978 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 53-1021 1093 1149 56 5% 11 36 47 $21.41 $44,538 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 37-1011 2440 2590 150 6% 30 40 70 $14.99 $31,182 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 37-1012 1163 1226 64 6% 13 20 33 $19.71 $41,003 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 49-1011 2710 2949 239 9% 48 57 105 $32.91 $68,452 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers 41-1012 6183 6760 577 9% 116 76 191 $18.74 $38,988 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers 43-1011 14682 15553 871 6% 174 230 405 $29.48 $61,322 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers 39-1021 1462 1677 215 15% 43 31 74 $13.63 $28,359 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Police and Detectives 33-1012 477 493 16 4% 3 17 21 $62.59 $130,177 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers 51-1011 2507 2695 189 8% 38 42 79 $25.83 $53,726 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service Workers, All Other 33-1099 573 644 71 12% 14 16 30 $20.53 $42,707 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers 41-1011 15408 16247 839 5% 168 357 525 $16.22 $33,738 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 53-1031 1122 1216 94 8% 19 38 57 $27.56 $57,323 High school diploma or equivalent
Fish and Game Wardens 33-3031 70 70 1 1% 0 2 2 $25.91 $53,893 Bachelor's degree
Fishers and Related Fishing Workers 45-3011 225 240 15 7% 3 6 9 $16.67 $34,678 No formal educational credential
Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 39-9031 3133 3410 277 9% 55 61 117 $21.56 $44,837 High school diploma or equivalent
Flight Attendants 53-2031 67 76 10 15% 2 1 3 $24.79 $51,567 High school diploma or equivalent
Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 47-2042 212 214 2 1% 0 3 3 $17.07 $35,508 No formal educational credential
Floor Sanders and Finishers 47-2043 74 72 -2 -3% 0 1 1 $16.28 $33,859 No formal educational credential
Floral Designers 27-1023 551 568 17 3% 3 13 17 $11.70 $24,342 High school diploma or equivalent
Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 51-3091 99 109 11 11% 2 2 4 $13.93 $28,970 No formal educational credential
Food Batchmakers 51-3092 335 372 37 11% 7 8 15 $12.75 $26,513 High school diploma or equivalent
Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 51-3093 88 97 10 11% 2 2 4 $15.18 $31,566 High school diploma or equivalent
Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 35-9099 370 411 41 11% 8 20 28 $11.32 $23,554 No formal educational credential
Food Preparation Workers 35-2021 6729 7379 650 10% 130 200 330 $9.73 $20,243 No formal educational credential
Food Processing Workers, All Other 51-3099 74 97 23 32% 5 2 6 $11.80 $24,545 No formal educational credential
Food Scientists and Technologists 19-1012 258 268 10 4% 2 9 11 $26.26 $54,617 Bachelor's degree
Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 35-3041 1598 1897 298 19% 60 44 104 $10.77 $22,402 No formal educational credential
Food Service Managers 11-9051 3913 4126 213 5% 43 82 124 $15.35 $31,926 High school diploma or equivalent
Forensic Science Technicians 19-4092 126 138 12 9% 2 6 8 $41.56 $86,442 Bachelor's degree
Forest and Conservation Technicians 19-4093 780 793 12 2% 2 33 36 $15.43 $32,104 Associate's degree
Forest and Conservation Workers 45-4011 358 379 21 6% 4 9 13 $10.08 $20,965 High school diploma or equivalent
Forest Fire Inspectors and Prevention Specialists 33-2022 16 17 1 7% 0 0 1 $21.74 $45,219 High school diploma or equivalent
Foresters 19-1032 62 64 2 3% 0 3 3 $37.45 $77,901 Bachelor's degree
Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4022 15 16 1 7% 0 0 1 $15.99 $33,251 High school diploma or equivalent
Foundry Mold and Coremakers 51-4071 1 1 0 0% 0 0 0 $14.75 $30,671 High school diploma or equivalent
Fundraisers 13-1131 560 601 40 7% 8 8 16 $30.03 $62,467 Bachelor's degree
Funeral Attendants 39-4021 143 145 3 2% 1 3 4 $12.80 $26,629 High school diploma or equivalent
Funeral Service Managers 11-9061 72 75 3 6% 1 2 2 $25.81 $53,678 Associate's degree
Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 51-9051 31 32 1 3% 0 1 1 $13.51 $28,098 High school diploma or equivalent
Furniture Finishers 51-7021 176 163 -13 -7% -3 3 0 $14.49 $30,139 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners 39-3012 44 47 3 7% 1 1 2 $18.87 $39,252 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming Cage Workers 43-3041 408 426 18 4% 4 8 12 $12.12 $25,218 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers 41-2012 176 178 2 1% 0 8 8 $10.96 $22,798 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming Dealers 39-3011 1718 1806 88 5% 18 47 65 $10.03 $20,868 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming Managers 11-9071 38 39 2 5% 0 1 1 $31.73 $66,004 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming Service Workers, All Other 39-3019 206 215 9 4% 2 6 7 $12.69 $26,386 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming Supervisors 39-1011 160 157 -3 -2% -1 5 5 $21.42 $44,549 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators 33-9031 28 29 0 0% 0 0 0 $13.57 $28,230 High school diploma or equivalent
Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 53-7071 32 34 2 6% 0 2 2 $29.04 $60,404 High school diploma or equivalent
Gas Plant Operators 51-8092 80 81 2 3% 0 3 3 $44.09 $91,699 High school diploma or equivalent
General and Operations Managers 11-1021 17387 18713 1326 8% 265 463 728 $44.07 $91,662 Bachelor's degree
Genetic Counselors 29-9092 18 20 2 12% 0 0 1 $41.58 $86,491 Master's degree
Geographers 19-3092 4 4 0 33% 0 0 0 $36.40 $75,722 Bachelor's degree
Geological and Petroleum Technicians 19-4041 42 41 -1 -2% 0 2 1 $27.43 $57,053 Associate's degree
Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 19-2042 499 519 20 4% 4 16 20 $46.28 $96,268 Bachelor's degree
Glaziers 47-2121 478 570 92 19% 18 8 26 $20.61 $42,869 High school diploma or equivalent
Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 45-2041 439 463 25 6% 5 7 12 $12.24 $25,460 No formal educational credential
Graphic Designers 27-1024 2744 2881 137 5% 27 67 95 $20.35 $42,325 Bachelor's degree
Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 51-9022 93 98 5 4% 1 2 3 $12.13 $25,240 No formal educational credential
Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4033 164 173 8 5% 2 7 9 $16.68 $34,698 High school diploma or equivalent
Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 37-3019 163 176 12 7% 2 3 6 $15.01 $31,214 No formal educational credential
Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 39-5012 7736 8910 1174 15% 235 219 454 $12.03 $25,026 Postsecondary nondegree award
Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 47-4041 137 162 25 19% 5 3 8 $20.88 $43,424 High school diploma or equivalent
Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 17-2111 218 231 12 6% 2 7 9 $50.28 $104,586 Bachelor's degree
Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other 29-1199 643 682 39 6% 8 16 23 $25.99 $54,051 Master's degree
Health Educators 21-1091 453 503 50 11% 10 9 19 $27.81 $57,840 Bachelor's degree
Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other 29-2099 1088 1371 282 26% 56 13 69 $28.51 $59,311 High school diploma or equivalent
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers, All Other 29-9099 404 447 43 11% 9 9 17 $27.63 $57,478 Postsecondary nondegree award
Healthcare Social Workers 21-1022 1160 1452 292 25% 58 33 91 $32.02 $66,611 Master's degree
Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 31-9099 728 800 71 10% 14 16 30 $18.66 $38,815 High school diploma or equivalent
Hearing Aid Specialists 29-2092 71 80 9 13% 2 1 3 $35.64 $74,125 High school diploma or equivalent
Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4191 8 11 3 25% 1 0 1 $17.36 $36,117 High school diploma or equivalent
Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 49-9021 2702 3022 320 12% 64 44 108 $21.64 $45,014 Postsecondary nondegree award
Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers 53-3032 18439 20891 2452 13% 490 342 832 $18.52 $38,518 Postsecondary nondegree award
Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 47-3019 76 85 9 11% 2 1 3 $17.76 $36,938 No formal educational credential
Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 47-3011 482 548 67 14% 13 7 20 $17.14 $35,650 No formal educational credential
Helpers--Carpenters 47-3012 285 296 11 4% 2 4 6 $16.06 $33,402 No formal educational credential
Helpers--Electricians 47-3013 358 438 80 22% 16 5 21 $15.13 $31,473 High school diploma or equivalent
Helpers--Extraction Workers 47-5081 61 68 6 10% 1 1 2 $19.91 $41,410 High school diploma or equivalent
Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 49-9098 756 836 79 10% 16 26 42 $11.78 $24,503 High school diploma or equivalent
Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 47-3014 127 138 11 9% 2 2 4 $15.37 $31,962 No formal educational credential
Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 47-3015 261 310 48 18% 10 4 13 $16.73 $34,808 High school diploma or equivalent
Helpers--Production Workers 51-9198 1732 1910 178 10% 36 61 96 $11.08 $23,042 No formal educational credential
Helpers--Roofers 47-3016 45 51 6 13% 1 1 2 $14.91 $31,018 No formal educational credential
Highway Maintenance Workers 47-4051 446 458 11 2% 2 12 14 $23.67 $49,229 High school diploma or equivalent
Historians 19-3093 115 120 5 4% 1 1 2 $31.79 $66,120 Master's degree
Hoist and Winch Operators 53-7041 1 1 0 0% 0 0 0 $19.67 $40,913 No formal educational credential
Home Appliance Repairers 49-9031 565 569 4 1% 1 15 16 $16.62 $34,570 High school diploma or equivalent
Home Health Aides 31-1011 3499 5545 2047 59% 409 111 520 $11.86 $24,668 No formal educational credential
Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 35-9031 2995 3211 217 7% 43 223 266 $9.73 $20,245 No formal educational credential
Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 43-4081 1377 1467 90 7% 18 74 92 $10.94 $22,759 High school diploma or equivalent
Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 43-4161 1053 1096 43 4% 9 12 21 $20.97 $43,623 Associate's degree
Human Resources Managers 11-3121 1147 1256 109 10% 22 36 57 $40.04 $83,288 Bachelor's degree
Human Resources Specialists 13-1071 3285 3504 219 7% 44 84 127 $30.08 $62,562 Bachelor's degree
Hunters and Trappers 45-3021 63 68 4 6% 1 2 3 $19.07 $39,667 No formal educational credential
Hydrologists 19-2043 118 120 2 3% 0 4 4 $39.83 $82,848 Bachelor's degree
Industrial Engineering Technicians 17-3026 61 70 9 17% 2 2 3 $31.11 $64,709 Associate's degree
Industrial Engineers 17-2112 581 653 72 13% 14 18 33 $44.40 $92,358 Bachelor's degree
Industrial Machinery Mechanics 49-9041 1327 1522 195 15% 39 38 77 $28.03 $58,293 High school diploma or equivalent
Industrial Production Managers 11-3051 746 832 85 11% 17 23 40 $40.43 $84,101 Bachelor's degree
Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 53-7051 2982 3126 144 5% 29 77 106 $14.21 $29,564 No formal educational credential
Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 19-3032 21 19 -1 -5% 0 0 0 $37.85 $78,730 Master's degree
Information and Record Clerks, All Other 43-4199 1412 1497 86 6% 17 38 55 $20.72 $43,102 High school diploma or equivalent
Information Security Analysts 15-1122 468 525 56 12% 11 7 18 $47.66 $99,140 Bachelor's degree
Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 51-9061 2005 2178 173 9% 35 53 88 $17.52 $36,439 High school diploma or equivalent
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 49-9099 2197 2333 136 6% 27 35 62 $15.88 $33,037 High school diploma or equivalent
Instructional Coordinators 25-9031 1799 1867 67 4% 13 18 31 $39.59 $82,341 Master's degree
Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 47-2131 119 111 -7 -6% -1 4 2 $17.86 $37,151 No formal educational credential
Insulation Workers, Mechanical 47-2132 54 57 3 6% 1 2 2 $21.87 $45,494 High school diploma or equivalent
Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 13-1032 391 364 -27 -7% -5 9 4 $31.57 $65,672 Postsecondary nondegree award
Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 43-9041 4188 4423 235 6% 47 109 156 $20.21 $42,046 High school diploma or equivalent
Insurance Sales Agents 41-3021 8247 9215 968 12% 194 234 427 $22.18 $46,125 High school diploma or equivalent
Insurance Underwriters 13-2053 1027 959 -68 -7% -14 19 5 $32.45 $67,488 Bachelor's degree
Interior Designers 27-1025 1042 1072 30 3% 6 25 31 $21.67 $45,080 Bachelor's degree
Internists, General 29-1063 411 438 27 7% 5 12 17 $98.70 $205,288 Doctoral or professional degree
Interpreters and Translators 27-3091 3116 3375 260 8% 52 52 104 $22.27 $46,313 Bachelor's degree
Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 43-4111 1250 1352 102 8% 20 30 50 $20.49 $42,622 High school diploma or equivalent
Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 37-2011 18961 20067 1106 6% 221 391 612 $11.91 $24,779 No formal educational credential
Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 51-9071 546 593 47 9% 9 9 18 $15.85 $32,971 High school diploma or equivalent
Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates 23-1023 136 135 -1 0% 0 2 2 $84.60 $175,961 Doctoral or professional degree
Judicial Law Clerks 23-1012 123 118 -5 -4% -1 3 2 $28.08 $58,416 Doctoral or professional degree
Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 25-2012 1621 1680 59 4% 12 48 60 $29.77 $61,927 Bachelor's degree
Labor Relations Specialists 13-1075 944 1013 69 7% 14 24 38 $35.57 $73,991 Bachelor's degree
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 53-7062 19703 21243 1539 8% 308 618 926 $12.76 $26,533 No formal educational credential
Landscape Architects 17-1012 224 224 0 0% 0 4 4 $33.76 $70,224 Bachelor's degree
Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 37-3011 11694 12582 887 8% 178 222 399 $12.40 $25,796 No formal educational credential
Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4034 56 60 4 7% 1 1 2 $19.99 $41,582 High school diploma or equivalent
Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 51-6011 1584 1702 117 7% 23 24 47 $12.02 $25,008 No formal educational credential
Lawyers 23-1011 8536 8897 361 4% 72 128 200 $50.60 $105,238 Doctoral or professional degree
Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic 51-4192 18 18 0 0% 0 0 0 $19.25 $40,032 High school diploma or equivalent
Legal Secretaries 43-6012 2063 2058 -6 0% -1 22 21 $22.72 $47,255 High school diploma or equivalent
Legal Support Workers, All Other 23-2099 421 434 13 3% 3 9 12 $26.25 $54,602 High school diploma or equivalent
Legislators 11-1031 326 330 4 1% 1 7 8 $42.00 $87,362 Bachelor's degree
Librarians 25-4021 602 624 22 4% 4 12 16 $33.92 $70,560 Master's degree
Library Assistants, Clerical 43-4121 686 732 47 7% 9 22 31 $13.82 $28,749 High school diploma or equivalent
Library Technicians 25-4031 714 761 47 6% 9 35 45 $18.67 $38,831 Postsecondary nondegree award
Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 29-2061 3061 3778 717 23% 143 101 244 $27.01 $56,181 Postsecondary nondegree award
Life Scientists, All Other 19-1099 161 165 4 2% 1 5 6 $28.28 $58,812 Bachelor's degree
Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 19-4099 447 475 28 7% 6 20 25 $24.73 $51,439 Associate's degree
Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 33-9092 932 975 43 5% 9 14 22 $10.36 $21,544 No formal educational credential
Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers 53-3033 7757 8602 845 11% 169 142 311 $15.30 $31,819 High school diploma or equivalent
Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining 53-7033 1 1 0 0% 0 0 0 $22.85 $47,524 No formal educational credential
Loan Interviewers and Clerks 43-4131 1129 1123 -6 -1% -1 17 16 $18.39 $38,253 High school diploma or equivalent
Loan Officers 13-2072 2414 2313 -101 -4% -20 39 19 $31.20 $64,906 Bachelor's degree
Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 39-3093 159 172 13 8% 3 7 10 $10.74 $22,336 High school diploma or equivalent
Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 49-9094 298 298 0 0% 0 15 15 $17.78 $36,980 High school diploma or equivalent
Locomotive Engineers 53-4011 271 290 19 7% 4 11 15 $27.82 $57,866 High school diploma or equivalent
Locomotive Firers 53-4012 11 9 -2 -18% 0 0 0 $25.71 $53,480 High school diploma or equivalent
Lodging Managers 11-9081 963 1005 42 4% 8 19 27 $21.30 $44,312 High school diploma or equivalent
Log Graders and Scalers 45-4023 1 1 0 0% 0 0 0 $14.87 $30,939 High school diploma or equivalent
Logging Equipment Operators 45-4022 163 169 5 3% 1 4 5 $12.95 $26,944 High school diploma or equivalent
Logging Workers, All Other 45-4029 15 16 1 0% 0 0 0 $12.34 $25,673 High school diploma or equivalent
Logisticians 13-1081 390 421 31 8% 6 6 12 $37.61 $78,238 Bachelor's degree
Machine Feeders and Offbearers 53-7063 252 261 9 4% 2 6 7 $12.84 $26,703 No formal educational credential
Machinists 51-4041 901 1038 137 15% 28 29 56 $22.72 $47,254 High school diploma or equivalent
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologists 29-2035 160 170 10 6% 2 3 5 $51.71 $107,558 Associate's degree
Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 37-2012 12767 13157 390 3% 78 310 388 $9.60 $19,974 No formal educational credential
Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 43-9051 601 569 -32 -5% -6 12 5 $17.56 $36,520 High school diploma or equivalent
Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 49-9071 8089 8783 694 9% 139 224 363 $18.65 $38,791 High school diploma or equivalent
Maintenance Workers, Machinery 49-9043 233 263 30 13% 6 4 10 $21.30 $44,297 High school diploma or equivalent
Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance 39-5091 58 68 9 16% 2 1 2 $27.63 $57,467 Postsecondary nondegree award
Management Analysts 13-1111 19145 19927 782 4% 156 273 429 $31.72 $65,984 Bachelor's degree
Managers, All Other 11-9199 13926 15365 1439 10% 288 328 616 $22.36 $46,514 Bachelor's degree
Manicurists and Pedicurists 39-5092 3091 3519 428 14% 86 26 112 $9.83 $20,452 Postsecondary nondegree award
Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers 49-9095 13 17 4 23% 1 0 1 $11.10 $23,083 High school diploma or equivalent
Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 17-2121 2 3 1 0% 0 0 0 $53.10 $110,451 Bachelor's degree
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists 13-1161 3892 4291 400 10% 80 49 129 $30.69 $63,830 Bachelor's degree
Marketing Managers 11-2021 1558 1673 115 7% 23 39 62 $48.05 $99,951 Bachelor's degree
Marriage and Family Therapists 21-1013 620 660 40 6% 8 14 22 $23.40 $48,674 Master's degree
Massage Therapists 31-9011 3010 3483 473 16% 95 25 119 $14.09 $29,305 Postsecondary nondegree award
Material Moving Workers, All Other 53-7199 369 388 19 5% 4 12 16 $9.61 $19,987 No formal educational credential
Materials Engineers 17-2131 70 73 4 6% 1 3 3 $50.47 $104,973 Bachelor's degree
Materials Scientists 19-2032 40 45 5 10% 1 1 2 $43.79 $91,082 Bachelor's degree
Mathematical Technicians 15-2091 1 1 0 0% 0 0 0 $27.57 $57,342 Bachelor's degree
Mathematicians 15-2021 26 29 2 8% 0 0 1 $26.06 $54,199 Master's degree
Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 51-3022 272 295 23 8% 5 6 10 $10.51 $21,850 No formal educational credential
Mechanical Door Repairers 49-9011 123 126 3 2% 1 5 6 $19.52 $40,610 High school diploma or equivalent
Mechanical Drafters 17-3013 228 236 8 4% 2 3 4 $27.32 $56,836 Associate's degree
Mechanical Engineering Technicians 17-3027 127 139 12 9% 2 3 6 $26.90 $55,952 Associate's degree
Mechanical Engineers 17-2141 1287 1400 114 9% 23 43 66 $43.55 $90,587 Bachelor's degree
Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 27-4099 78 83 5 6% 1 2 3 $32.67 $67,959 High school diploma or equivalent
Media and Communication Workers, All Other 27-3099 148 153 5 3% 1 2 3 $20.74 $43,147 High school diploma or equivalent
Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 29-2012 1348 1492 143 11% 29 34 63 $24.07 $50,062 Associate's degree
Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 29-2011 562 619 57 10% 11 14 26 $46.28 $96,253 Bachelor's degree
Medical and Health Services Managers 11-9111 2480 2842 363 15% 73 69 141 $61.27 $127,444 Bachelor's degree
Medical Appliance Technicians 51-9082 67 87 20 30% 4 2 6 $20.91 $43,499 High school diploma or equivalent
Medical Assistants 31-9092 5852 6740 888 15% 178 134 312 $16.23 $33,748 Postsecondary nondegree award
Medical Equipment Preparers 31-9093 603 664 60 10% 12 13 25 $23.96 $49,841 High school diploma or equivalent
Medical Equipment Repairers 49-9062 224 241 17 8% 3 4 8 $26.16 $54,415 Associate's degree
Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 29-2071 1580 1766 187 12% 37 38 75 $22.30 $46,377 Postsecondary nondegree award
Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 19-1042 1582 1650 68 4% 14 50 64 $46.69 $97,111 Doctoral or professional degree
Medical Secretaries 43-6013 4773 5379 606 13% 121 54 176 $19.03 $39,592 High school diploma or equivalent
Medical Transcriptionists 31-9094 775 815 40 5% 8 17 25 $16.69 $34,709 Postsecondary nondegree award
Meeting, Convention, and Event Planners 13-1121 1316 1470 154 12% 31 17 48 $19.63 $40,831 Bachelor's degree
Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 21-1023 965 1058 93 10% 19 25 43 $16.68 $34,703 Bachelor's degree
Mental Health Counselors 21-1014 1583 1740 156 10% 31 35 67 $15.41 $32,053 Master's degree
Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 27-1026 694 723 29 4% 6 17 23 $12.99 $27,018 High school diploma or equivalent
Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 51-4199 42 47 4 10% 1 1 2 $14.91 $31,021 High school diploma or equivalent
Meter Readers, Utilities 43-5041 327 329 1 0% 0 6 6 $23.71 $49,307 High school diploma or equivalent
Microbiologists 19-1022 150 158 7 5% 1 4 6 $29.64 $61,644 Bachelor's degree
Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education 25-2022 3786 4074 288 8% 58 88 145 $31.80 $66,140 Bachelor's degree
Military occupations 55-9999 8871 9702 830 9% 166 220 387 $18.71 $38,923 N/A
Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4035 68 64 -4 -6% -1 1 0 $22.41 $46,607 High school diploma or equivalent
Millwrights 49-9044 78 91 14 18% 3 2 4 $30.65 $63,759 High school diploma or equivalent
Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine Operators 47-5042 6 5 -1 0% 0 0 0 $26.23 $54,560 High school diploma or equivalent
Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 17-2151 115 115 0 0% 0 3 3 $59.25 $123,246 Bachelor's degree
Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-9023 454 518 64 14% 13 11 24 $15.35 $31,922 High school diploma or equivalent
Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 49-3042 790 830 39 5% 8 19 27 $24.35 $50,643 High school diploma or equivalent
Model Makers, Wood 51-7031 12 13 1 9% 0 0 0 $17.06 $35,480 High school diploma or equivalent
Models 41-9012 107 116 8 7% 2 3 5 $25.91 $53,892 No formal educational credential
Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 51-9195 254 282 28 11% 6 9 15 $19.60 $40,761 High school diploma or equivalent
Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4072 109 125 16 15% 3 2 5 $12.04 $25,048 High school diploma or equivalent
Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors 39-4031 97 100 3 3% 1 2 3 $15.92 $33,114 Associate's degree
Motion Picture Projectionists 39-3021 25 25 -1 -4% 0 1 1 $11.36 $23,634 No formal educational credential
Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 53-3099 337 375 38 11% 8 11 19 $17.75 $36,922 No formal educational credential
Motorboat Mechanics and Service Technicians 49-3051 260 263 3 1% 1 5 6 $13.98 $29,074 High school diploma or equivalent
Motorboat Operators 53-5022 9 10 0 0% 0 0 0 $23.07 $47,984 Postsecondary nondegree award
Motorcycle Mechanics 49-3052 149 151 2 1% 0 3 3 $14.38 $29,919 Postsecondary nondegree award
Multimedia Artists and Animators 27-1014 626 668 43 7% 9 12 21 $15.88 $33,022 Bachelor's degree
Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4081 95 121 26 27% 5 2 7 $14.76 $30,692 High school diploma or equivalent
Museum Technicians and Conservators 25-4013 40 44 4 10% 1 1 2 $22.75 $47,314 Bachelor's degree
Music Directors and Composers 27-2041 713 752 39 5% 8 21 29 $17.80 $37,025 Bachelor's degree
Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 49-9063 206 200 -5 -2% -1 4 2 $12.64 $26,284 High school diploma or equivalent
Musicians and Singers 27-2042 3030 3254 224 7% 45 92 137 $18.78 $39,063 No formal educational credential
Name SOC 2016 2021 0 0% 0 0 0 $0.00 $0 Training
Natural Sciences Managers 11-9121 701 726 26 4% 5 15 20 $57.29 $119,160 Bachelor's degree
Network and Computer Systems Administrators 15-1142 2042 2180 138 7% 28 28 55 $39.33 $81,798 Bachelor's degree
New Accounts Clerks 43-4141 341 270 -71 -21% -14 7 -7 $20.38 $42,393 High school diploma or equivalent
Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 39-2021 6051 6509 457 8% 91 131 223 $13.11 $27,260 High school diploma or equivalent
Nuclear Engineers 17-2161 68 75 7 10% 1 2 3 $52.21 $108,590 Bachelor's degree
Nuclear Medicine Technologists 29-2033 118 120 2 3% 0 2 3 $57.29 $119,157 Associate's degree
Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 51-8011 25 34 9 38% 2 1 3 $47.19 $98,149 High school diploma or equivalent
Nuclear Technicians 19-4051 5 5 0 0% 0 0 0 $44.29 $92,114 Associate's degree
Nurse Anesthetists 29-1151 68 89 20 29% 4 2 6 $128.39 $267,044 Master's degree
Nurse Midwives 29-1161 50 59 10 20% 2 1 3 $54.13 $112,594 Master's degree
Nurse Practitioners 29-1171 705 896 191 27% 38 19 58 $59.02 $122,769 Master's degree
Nursing Assistants 31-1014 5711 7118 1407 25% 281 150 431 $17.17 $35,713 Postsecondary nondegree award
Obstetricians and Gynecologists 29-1064 170 184 14 9% 3 5 8 $74.90 $155,788 Doctoral or professional degree
Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 29-9011 456 478 22 5% 4 9 14 $37.65 $78,304 Bachelor's degree
Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 29-9012 53 58 6 12% 1 1 2 $26.82 $55,795 High school diploma or equivalent
Occupational Therapists 29-1122 670 792 122 18% 24 15 39 $44.55 $92,662 Master's degree
Occupational Therapy Aides 31-2012 61 69 8 13% 2 2 4 $15.36 $31,946 High school diploma or equivalent
Occupational Therapy Assistants 31-2011 111 146 35 32% 7 4 11 $37.50 $78,005 Associate's degree
Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 43-9199 6981 7293 312 4% 62 193 256 $11.71 $24,365 High school diploma or equivalent
Office Clerks, General 43-9061 30518 32135 1618 5% 324 682 1005 $16.83 $35,006 High school diploma or equivalent
Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 43-9071 419 410 -9 -2% -2 9 8 $14.37 $29,886 High school diploma or equivalent
Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 47-2073 2599 2718 119 5% 24 45 68 $29.20 $60,735 High school diploma or equivalent
Operations Research Analysts 15-2031 945 1072 127 14% 25 18 44 $31.60 $65,733 Bachelor's degree
Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 51-9083 516 581 64 12% 13 14 26 $13.90 $28,909 High school diploma or equivalent
Ophthalmic Medical Technicians 29-2057 199 238 39 20% 8 2 10 $20.74 $43,147 Postsecondary nondegree award
Opticians, Dispensing 29-2081 503 593 90 18% 18 15 33 $19.97 $41,544 High school diploma or equivalent
Optometrists 29-1041 289 323 34 12% 7 11 18 $49.67 $103,309 Doctoral or professional degree
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons 29-1022 49 55 6 10% 1 1 2 $112.77 $234,553 Doctoral or professional degree
Order Clerks 43-4151 1367 1427 60 4% 12 38 50 $16.23 $33,750 High school diploma or equivalent
Orderlies 31-1015 420 451 31 7% 6 10 16 $19.79 $41,166 High school diploma or equivalent
Orthodontists 29-1023 72 81 8 11% 2 2 3 $108.19 $225,045 Doctoral or professional degree
Orthotists and Prosthetists 29-2091 91 108 17 20% 4 1 4 $36.40 $75,722 Master's degree
Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 49-3053 444 457 14 3% 3 9 12 $15.02 $31,233 High school diploma or equivalent
Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 51-9111 1558 1709 150 10% 30 59 89 $12.35 $25,681 High school diploma or equivalent
Packers and Packagers, Hand 53-7064 4653 5003 350 8% 70 130 200 $11.28 $23,464 No formal educational credential
Painters, Construction and Maintenance 47-2141 4614 4863 249 5% 50 76 126 $15.32 $31,871 No formal educational credential
Painters, Transportation Equipment 51-9122 425 462 37 9% 7 8 16 $21.38 $44,469 High school diploma or equivalent
Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 51-9123 82 88 6 7% 1 2 3 $12.73 $26,472 No formal educational credential
Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-9196 332 378 46 14% 9 5 14 $15.62 $32,492 High school diploma or equivalent
Paperhangers 47-2142 38 38 1 3% 0 1 1 $16.13 $33,560 No formal educational credential
Paralegals and Legal Assistants 23-2011 1956 2052 96 5% 19 44 63 $25.53 $53,097 Associate's degree
Parking Enforcement Workers 33-3041 76 72 -4 -5% -1 2 1 $22.71 $47,230 High school diploma or equivalent
Parking Lot Attendants 53-6021 1378 1438 60 4% 12 79 91 $10.68 $22,214 No formal educational credential
Parts Salespersons 41-2022 2221 2336 115 5% 23 51 74 $14.11 $29,346 No formal educational credential
Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic 51-4062 9 9 0 0% 0 0 0 $14.19 $29,518 High school diploma or equivalent
Patternmakers, Wood 51-7032 5 6 0 0% 0 0 0 $18.51 $38,504 High school diploma or equivalent
Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 47-2071 203 210 6 3% 1 5 6 $25.62 $53,284 High school diploma or equivalent
Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 43-3051 2223 2277 54 2% 11 61 71 $22.07 $45,904 High school diploma or equivalent
Pediatricians, General 29-1065 218 231 13 6% 3 6 9 $91.15 $189,591 Doctoral or professional degree
Personal Care Aides 39-9021 16902 23770 6869 41% 1374 176 1550 $10.61 $22,064 No formal educational credential
Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 39-9099 2118 2356 238 11% 48 51 99 $13.02 $27,087 High school diploma or equivalent
Personal Financial Advisors 13-2052 9558 11346 1787 19% 358 269 627 $31.34 $65,186 Bachelor's degree
Pest Control Workers 37-2021 1163 1244 81 7% 16 31 47 $15.40 $32,028 High school diploma or equivalent
Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 37-3012 280 307 27 10% 5 5 11 $17.14 $35,648 High school diploma or equivalent
Petroleum Engineers 17-2171 63 67 4 6% 1 2 3 $59.42 $123,595 Bachelor's degree
Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 51-8093 30 38 8 28% 2 1 3 $29.02 $60,352 High school diploma or equivalent
Pharmacists 29-1051 2265 2341 77 3% 15 54 69 $68.52 $142,528 Doctoral or professional degree
Pharmacy Aides 31-9095 773 781 8 1% 2 16 18 $12.61 $26,230 High school diploma or equivalent
Pharmacy Technicians 29-2052 2475 2642 166 7% 33 26 59 $19.68 $40,926 High school diploma or equivalent
Phlebotomists 31-9097 523 600 77 15% 15 12 27 $19.92 $41,443 Postsecondary nondegree award
Photographers 27-4021 7240 7580 341 5% 68 182 250 $15.70 $32,665 High school diploma or equivalent
Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators 51-9151 148 136 -12 -8% -2 3 0 $17.00 $35,366 High school diploma or equivalent
Physical Scientists, All Other 19-2099 312 329 17 5% 3 3 6 $43.73 $90,961 Bachelor's degree
Physical Therapist Aides 31-2022 236 280 44 19% 9 8 16 $14.31 $29,767 High school diploma or equivalent
Physical Therapist Assistants 31-2021 314 393 79 25% 16 11 26 $32.61 $67,836 Associate's degree
Physical Therapists 29-1123 1245 1462 217 17% 43 37 81 $46.58 $96,892 Doctoral or professional degree
Physician Assistants 29-1071 581 705 125 22% 25 15 40 $57.03 $118,626 Master's degree
Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 29-1069 2171 2342 171 8% 34 61 96 $100.47 $208,970 Doctoral or professional degree
Physicists 19-2012 144 149 5 3% 1 3 4 $55.57 $115,580 Doctoral or professional degree
Pile-Driver Operators 47-2072 35 35 0 0% 0 1 1 $36.26 $75,413 High school diploma or equivalent
Pipelayers 47-2151 219 248 29 13% 6 3 9 $23.63 $49,152 No formal educational credential
Plant and System Operators, All Other 51-8099 48 51 3 9% 1 2 3 $35.36 $73,547 High school diploma or equivalent
Plasterers and Stucco Masons 47-2161 582 560 -21 -4% -4 2 -2 $17.63 $36,669 No formal educational credential
Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4193 63 74 11 18% 2 2 4 $14.72 $30,627 High school diploma or equivalent
Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 47-2152 3759 4178 419 11% 84 53 137 $23.06 $47,965 High school diploma or equivalent
Podiatrists 29-1081 108 106 -2 -2% 0 2 2 $46.69 $97,119 Doctoral or professional degree
Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers 33-3051 4922 5081 159 3% 32 165 197 $43.17 $89,793 High school diploma or equivalent
Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers 43-5031 693 695 2 0% 0 17 18 $27.39 $56,965 High school diploma or equivalent
Political Scientists 19-3094 23 25 2 9% 0 0 1 $39.49 $82,139 Master's degree
Postal Service Clerks 43-5051 528 495 -33 -6% -7 6 -1 $27.33 $56,856 High school diploma or equivalent
Postal Service Mail Carriers 43-5052 2255 2149 -106 -5% -21 42 21 $28.36 $58,989 High school diploma or equivalent
Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators 43-5053 1124 1029 -95 -8% -19 12 -7 $26.81 $55,772 High school diploma or equivalent
Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 11-9131 68 66 -3 -4% -1 1 1 $34.87 $72,526 High school diploma or equivalent
Postsecondary Teachers 25-1099 10988 11598 610 6% 122 201 323 $32.35 $67,280 Doctoral or professional degree
Power Distributors and Dispatchers 51-8012 45 51 6 13% 1 2 3 $40.95 $85,184 High school diploma or equivalent
Power Plant Operators 51-8013 255 256 1 0% 0 9 9 $50.16 $104,323 High school diploma or equivalent
Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 49-9069 80 78 -2 -3% 0 1 1 $33.06 $68,773 High school diploma or equivalent
Prepress Technicians and Workers 51-5111 278 265 -14 -5% -3 4 2 $20.06 $41,729 Postsecondary nondegree award
Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 25-2011 3960 3910 -50 -1% -10 115 105 $12.92 $26,876 Associate's degree
Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 51-6021 302 321 19 6% 4 7 11 $11.60 $24,137 No formal educational credential
Print Binding and Finishing Workers 51-5113 250 272 22 9% 4 4 8 $19.69 $40,962 High school diploma or equivalent
Printing Press Operators 51-5112 1254 1337 83 7% 17 20 36 $18.58 $38,650 High school diploma or equivalent
Private Detectives and Investigators 33-9021 359 386 26 7% 5 10 15 $14.03 $29,173 High school diploma or equivalent
Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 21-1092 1023 1020 -3 0% -1 20 19 $46.44 $96,590 Bachelor's degree
Procurement Clerks 43-3061 292 302 9 3% 2 10 12 $22.16 $46,088 High school diploma or equivalent
Producers and Directors 27-2012 696 727 31 4% 6 23 29 $25.85 $53,777 Bachelor's degree
Production Workers, All Other 51-9199 1161 1324 163 14% 33 26 59 $14.64 $30,453 High school diploma or equivalent
Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 43-5061 2069 2237 168 8% 34 59 93 $22.69 $47,187 High school diploma or equivalent
Proofreaders and Copy Markers 43-9081 101 99 -3 -3% 0 2 1 $20.86 $43,379 Bachelor's degree
Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 11-9141 10890 11719 829 8% 166 199 365 $21.36 $44,435 High school diploma or equivalent
Prosthodontists 29-1024 8 9 1 14% 0 0 0 $67.06 $139,493 Doctoral or professional degree
Protective Service Workers, All Other 33-9099 1417 1474 57 4% 11 20 32 $12.48 $25,956 High school diploma or equivalent
Psychiatric Aides 31-1013 263 294 30 11% 6 6 13 $13.73 $28,548 High school diploma or equivalent
Psychiatric Technicians 29-2053 254 276 22 9% 4 3 7 $28.00 $58,232 Postsecondary nondegree award
Psychiatrists 29-1066 130 143 13 11% 3 4 6 $105.63 $219,715 Doctoral or professional degree
Psychologists, All Other 19-3039 474 494 20 4% 4 11 15 $43.39 $90,245 Master's degree
Public Address System and Other Announcers 27-3012 330 353 24 7% 5 10 15 $19.69 $40,949 High school diploma or equivalent
Public Relations and Fundraising Managers 11-2031 441 456 15 3% 3 15 18 $54.82 $114,020 Bachelor's degree
Public Relations Specialists 27-3031 2198 2301 103 5% 21 27 48 $31.11 $64,700 Bachelor's degree
Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 53-7072 91 105 15 17% 3 5 8 $22.45 $46,699 High school diploma or equivalent
Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 13-1023 1890 2053 163 9% 33 55 87 $30.13 $62,662 Bachelor's degree
Purchasing Managers 11-3061 327 341 14 4% 3 8 11 $52.31 $108,798 Bachelor's degree
Radiation Therapists 29-1124 48 57 9 19% 2 1 3 $61.78 $128,495 Associate's degree
Radio and Television Announcers 27-3011 378 371 -6 -2% -1 11 10 $21.98 $45,715 Bachelor's degree
Radio Operators 27-4013 2 2 0 0% 0 0 0 $25.22 $52,456 High school diploma or equivalent
Radio, Cellular, and Tower Equipment Installers and Repairs 49-2021 187 181 -6 -4% -1 2 0 $28.69 $59,678 Associate's degree
Radiologic Technologists 29-2034 1167 1277 110 9% 22 23 45 $43.27 $89,997 Associate's degree
Rail Car Repairers 49-3043 174 196 22 13% 4 4 9 $30.17 $62,759 High school diploma or equivalent
Rail Transportation Workers, All Other 53-4099 84 92 7 8% 1 4 5 $39.77 $82,729 High school diploma or equivalent
Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers 53-4013 48 58 11 23% 2 2 4 $20.68 $43,020 High school diploma or equivalent
Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators 47-4061 70 76 6 7% 1 2 3 $29.55 $61,461 High school diploma or equivalent
Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators 53-4021 131 142 10 8% 2 5 7 $29.46 $61,269 High school diploma or equivalent
Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters 53-4031 297 316 19 7% 4 12 16 $27.06 $56,275 High school diploma or equivalent
Real Estate Brokers 41-9021 7304 7587 283 4% 57 53 109 $27.08 $56,325 High school diploma or equivalent
Real Estate Sales Agents 41-9022 25628 26616 987 4% 197 183 381 $18.91 $39,339 High school diploma or equivalent
Receptionists and Information Clerks 43-4171 7666 8440 775 10% 155 221 376 $14.29 $29,725 High school diploma or equivalent
Recreation Workers 39-9032 3842 4258 416 11% 83 76 159 $10.75 $22,355 High school diploma or equivalent
Recreational Therapists 29-1125 106 121 14 13% 3 3 6 $32.29 $67,171 Bachelor's degree
Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 49-3092 101 102 2 2% 0 3 4 $18.57 $38,630 High school diploma or equivalent
Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons 49-9045 1 1 0 0% 0 0 0 $16.13 $33,550 High school diploma or equivalent
Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 53-7081 941 1087 146 16% 29 26 55 $20.16 $41,936 No formal educational credential
Registered Nurses 29-1141 20277 22789 2512 12% 502 518 1020 $55.23 $114,878 Bachelor's degree
Rehabilitation Counselors 21-1015 1076 1240 164 15% 33 25 58 $19.98 $41,568 Master's degree
Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 47-2171 480 556 76 16% 15 8 23 $23.36 $48,586 High school diploma or equivalent
Religious Workers, All Other 21-2099 281 278 -3 -1% -1 5 4 $17.18 $35,729 Bachelor's degree
Reporters and Correspondents 27-3022 421 400 -21 -5% -4 13 9 $19.25 $40,033 Bachelor's degree
Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 43-4181 679 716 36 5% 7 9 16 $15.26 $31,736 High school diploma or equivalent
Residential Advisors 39-9041 455 546 91 20% 18 16 34 $11.45 $23,812 High school diploma or equivalent
Respiratory Therapists 29-1126 853 911 58 7% 12 21 33 $43.93 $91,371 Associate's degree
Respiratory Therapy Technicians 29-2054 19 17 -2 -6% 0 0 0 $34.56 $71,885 Associate's degree
Retail Salespersons 41-2031 34971 37100 2129 6% 426 1259 1685 $11.73 $24,389 No formal educational credential
Riggers 49-9096 18 22 3 17% 1 1 1 $26.24 $54,569 High school diploma or equivalent
Rock Splitters, Quarry 47-5051 15 19 4 29% 1 0 1 $25.54 $53,114 No formal educational credential
Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4023 28 29 1 4% 0 1 1 $15.86 $32,997 High school diploma or equivalent
Roofers 47-2181 1700 1785 85 5% 17 27 44 $20.54 $42,732 No formal educational credential
Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas 47-5012 38 48 10 24% 2 2 3 $30.89 $64,254 No formal educational credential
Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 47-5071 155 181 26 17% 5 3 9 $20.67 $42,992 No formal educational credential
Sailors and Marine Oilers 53-5011 193 195 2 1% 0 5 5 $18.17 $37,791 No formal educational credential
Sales and Related Workers, All Other 41-9099 1871 2044 174 9% 35 28 62 $21.30 $44,296 High school diploma or equivalent
Sales Engineers 41-9031 377 404 26 7% 5 10 16 $48.77 $101,439 Bachelor's degree
Sales Managers 11-2022 3829 4018 189 5% 38 93 131 $40.63 $84,506 Bachelor's degree
Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 41-3099 7629 8157 527 7% 105 170 276 $24.14 $50,201 High school diploma or equivalent
Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 41-4012 8311 8865 554 7% 111 179 290 $26.45 $55,023 High school diploma or equivalent
Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 41-4011 1790 1890 100 6% 20 38 58 $34.31 $71,365 Bachelor's degree
Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 51-7041 415 387 -28 -7% -6 11 6 $11.85 $24,657 High school diploma or equivalent
Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education 25-2031 6487 6903 416 6% 83 160 243 $34.03 $70,779 Bachelor's degree
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 43-6014 17482 18603 1122 6% 224 192 417 $16.94 $35,234 High school diploma or equivalent
Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 41-3031 6163 6400 237 4% 47 109 157 $21.41 $44,524 Bachelor's degree
Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 49-2098 571 630 59 10% 12 15 27 $20.53 $42,704 High school diploma or equivalent
Security Guards 33-9032 11302 12990 1688 15% 338 175 513 $12.43 $25,862 High school diploma or equivalent
Segmental Pavers 47-4091 3 3 0 0% 0 0 0 $13.80 $28,706 High school diploma or equivalent
Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 25-3021 4602 5263 661 14% 132 95 227 $18.40 $38,278 High school diploma or equivalent
Semiconductor Processors 51-9141 102 97 -5 -5% -1 2 1 $17.11 $35,594 Associate's degree
Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-9012 258 267 9 3% 2 8 10 $17.26 $35,892 High school diploma or equivalent
Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 47-4071 168 193 26 16% 5 5 10 $16.91 $35,164 No formal educational credential
Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 47-5013 117 136 20 17% 4 4 8 $26.15 $54,394 No formal educational credential
Set and Exhibit Designers 27-1027 117 123 7 6% 1 3 4 $20.87 $43,414 Bachelor's degree
Sewers, Hand 51-6051 147 156 10 7% 2 5 7 $11.87 $24,688 No formal educational credential
Sewing Machine Operators 51-6031 544 628 84 15% 17 4 20 $14.16 $29,449 No formal educational credential
Shampooers 39-5093 280 337 57 20% 11 3 14 $7.88 $16,386 No formal educational credential
Sheet Metal Workers 47-2211 1538 1680 141 9% 28 35 64 $31.34 $65,189 High school diploma or equivalent
Ship Engineers 53-5031 50 51 1 0% 0 1 1 $30.95 $64,370 Postsecondary nondegree award
Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 43-5071 4116 4226 110 3% 22 91 113 $14.65 $30,478 High school diploma or equivalent
Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers 51-6041 150 149 -1 -1% 0 2 2 $12.48 $25,956 High school diploma or equivalent
Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders 51-6042 1 2 0 0% 0 0 0 $12.22 $25,418 High school diploma or equivalent
Signal and Track Switch Repairers 49-9097 64 67 4 6% 1 1 2 $31.24 $64,981 High school diploma or equivalent
Skincare Specialists 39-5094 689 813 124 18% 25 6 31 $13.03 $27,110 Postsecondary nondegree award
Slaughterers and Meat Packers 51-3023 62 63 0 0% 0 1 1 $11.69 $24,322 No formal educational credential
Slot Supervisors 39-1012 76 61 -16 -21% -3 2 -1 $15.97 $33,216 High school diploma or equivalent
Social and Community Service Managers 11-9151 1461 1610 149 10% 30 41 71 $27.35 $56,898 Bachelor's degree
Social and Human Service Assistants 21-1093 3975 4561 586 15% 117 86 203 $15.49 $32,219 High school diploma or equivalent
Social Science Research Assistants 19-4061 123 132 9 7% 2 5 7 $19.53 $40,614 Bachelor's degree
Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 19-3099 586 593 8 1% 2 7 9 $34.36 $71,477 Bachelor's degree
Social Workers, All Other 21-1029 820 847 26 3% 5 20 25 $33.47 $69,611 Bachelor's degree
Sociologists 19-3041 66 64 -1 -2% 0 1 1 $34.74 $72,252 Master's degree
Software Developers, Applications 15-1132 4612 5082 470 10% 94 70 164 $47.42 $98,637 Bachelor's degree
Software Developers, Systems Software 15-1133 5414 5700 287 5% 57 80 138 $44.15 $91,835 Bachelor's degree
Soil and Plant Scientists 19-1013 517 526 9 2% 2 18 20 $31.90 $66,353 Bachelor's degree
Solar Photovoltaic Installers 47-2231 181 206 25 14% 5 3 8 $18.42 $38,317 High school diploma or equivalent
Sound Engineering Technicians 27-4014 106 116 10 10% 2 2 4 $24.29 $50,526 Postsecondary nondegree award
Special Education Teachers, All Other 25-2059 78 97 19 23% 4 2 5 $26.35 $54,811 Bachelor's degree
Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten and Elementary School 25-2052 1345 1449 104 8% 21 27 47 $28.40 $59,079 Bachelor's degree
Special Education Teachers, Middle School 25-2053 392 429 37 9% 7 8 15 $32.62 $67,855 Bachelor's degree
Special Education Teachers, Preschool 25-2051 124 158 34 27% 7 3 10 $32.74 $68,096 Bachelor's degree
Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 25-2054 974 1045 71 7% 14 19 33 $35.60 $74,058 Bachelor's degree
Speech-Language Pathologists 29-1127 1182 1319 137 12% 27 32 60 $41.29 $85,887 Master's degree
Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 51-8021 337 345 7 2% 1 9 11 $33.27 $69,205 High school diploma or equivalent
Statistical Assistants 43-9111 50 47 -3 -6% -1 2 1 $26.47 $55,062 Bachelor's degree
Statisticians 15-2041 1093 1234 142 13% 28 21 49 $34.51 $71,789 Master's degree
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 43-5081 14586 15588 1002 7% 200 484 685 $11.58 $24,079 No formal educational credential
Stonemasons 47-2022 138 155 17 12% 3 1 5 $18.48 $38,432 High school diploma or equivalent
Structural Iron and Steel Workers 47-2221 422 500 78 19% 16 8 24 $30.10 $62,605 High school diploma or equivalent
Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 51-2041 276 308 32 12% 6 5 11 $20.71 $43,083 High school diploma or equivalent
Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 21-1011 682 763 81 12% 16 15 32 $16.24 $33,783 Bachelor's degree
Substitute Teachers 25-3098 5941 6296 356 6% 71 116 187 $18.22 $37,894 Bachelor's degree
Subway and Streetcar Operators 53-4041 76 79 3 4% 1 3 4 $30.33 $63,077 High school diploma or equivalent
Surgeons 29-1067 482 516 34 7% 7 14 20 $108.49 $225,668 Doctoral or professional degree
Surgical Technologists 29-2055 723 838 115 16% 23 8 31 $31.09 $64,676 Postsecondary nondegree award
Survey Researchers 19-3022 240 251 11 5% 2 3 5 $24.69 $51,352 Master's degree
Surveying and Mapping Technicians 17-3031 326 317 -8 -2% -2 4 2 $27.56 $57,324 High school diploma or equivalent
Surveyors 17-1022 412 408 -4 -1% -1 13 12 $41.33 $85,976 Bachelor's degree
Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 43-2011 778 706 -71 -9% -14 9 -6 $15.56 $32,362 High school diploma or equivalent
Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 51-6052 981 977 -4 -1% -1 33 32 $13.37 $27,802 No formal educational credential
Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 53-7121 8 9 1 13% 0 0 0 $19.83 $41,252 No formal educational credential
Tapers 47-2082 433 400 -33 -8% -7 3 -4 $23.39 $48,656 No formal educational credential
Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents 13-2081 3075 3101 26 1% 5 126 132 $24.06 $50,050 Bachelor's degree
Tax Preparers 13-2082 1267 1295 29 2% 6 32 38 $20.99 $43,658 High school diploma or equivalent
Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 53-3041 3861 5057 1196 31% 239 88 327 $9.33 $19,408 No formal educational credential
Teacher Assistants 25-9041 10669 11339 670 6% 134 266 400 $14.78 $30,743 Some college, no degree
Teachers and Instructors, All Other 25-3099 4587 5069 482 11% 96 93 189 $19.50 $40,561 Bachelor's degree
Team Assemblers 51-2092 3806 4224 418 11% 84 88 171 $13.83 $28,765 High school diploma or equivalent
Technical Writers 27-3042 324 345 22 7% 4 8 12 $33.47 $69,613 Bachelor's degree
Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 49-2022 2318 2625 308 13% 62 23 84 $28.40 $59,080 Postsecondary nondegree award
Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 49-9052 989 1167 178 18% 36 20 56 $28.86 $60,035 High school diploma or equivalent
Telemarketers 41-9041 1604 1753 149 9% 30 32 62 $11.35 $23,606 No formal educational credential
Telephone Operators 43-2021 49 46 -3 -6% -1 1 1 $24.55 $51,063 High school diploma or equivalent
Tellers 43-3071 2599 2195 -404 -16% -81 91 10 $13.50 $28,089 High school diploma or equivalent
Terrazzo Workers and Finishers 47-2053 45 46 1 2% 0 1 1 $21.58 $44,884 High school diploma or equivalent
Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 51-6061 1 1 0 0% 0 0 0 $12.92 $26,883 High school diploma or equivalent
Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-6062 6 6 1 20% 0 0 0 $11.46 $23,829 High school diploma or equivalent
Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-6064 1 2 0 0% 0 0 0 $12.46 $25,916 High school diploma or equivalent
Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 51-6099 6 5 -1 -17% 0 0 0 $12.14 $25,255 High school diploma or equivalent
Therapists, All Other 29-1129 494 530 36 7% 7 5 12 $28.28 $58,820 Bachelor's degree
Tile and Marble Setters 47-2044 1069 1054 -15 -1% -3 15 12 $21.30 $44,304 No formal educational credential
Timing Device Assemblers and Adjusters 51-2093 1 1 0 0% 0 0 0 $19.36 $40,277 High school diploma or equivalent
Tire Builders 51-9197 2 3 1 200% 0 0 0 $16.45 $34,209 High school diploma or equivalent
Tire Repairers and Changers 49-3093 1016 1078 62 6% 12 36 48 $10.74 $22,340 High school diploma or equivalent
Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 23-2093 650 686 36 5% 7 15 22 $22.94 $47,721 High school diploma or equivalent
Tool and Die Makers 51-4111 53 62 10 19% 2 0 2 $25.47 $52,976 High school diploma or equivalent
Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 51-4194 51 48 -3 -6% -1 1 1 $18.73 $38,952 High school diploma or equivalent
Tour Guides and Escorts 39-7011 532 585 53 10% 11 22 33 $18.21 $37,878 High school diploma or equivalent
Traffic Technicians 53-6041 28 29 1 0% 0 1 2 $27.95 $58,126 High school diploma or equivalent
Training and Development Managers 11-3131 151 160 10 7% 2 5 7 $47.78 $99,375 Bachelor's degree
Training and Development Specialists 13-1151 1571 1730 159 10% 32 41 73 $31.30 $65,112 Bachelor's degree
Transit and Railroad Police 33-3052 20 20 0 0% 0 1 1 $26.17 $54,436 High school diploma or equivalent
Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants 53-6061 191 204 13 7% 3 4 6 $15.94 $33,164 High school diploma or equivalent
Transportation Inspectors 53-6051 179 185 6 4% 1 5 6 $36.81 $76,570 High school diploma or equivalent
Transportation Security Screeners 33-9093 352 362 10 3% 2 5 7 $18.61 $38,716 High school diploma or equivalent
Transportation Workers, All Other 53-6099 206 224 18 9% 4 11 15 $17.69 $36,804 High school diploma or equivalent
Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 11-3071 860 911 51 6% 10 20 30 $38.60 $80,290 High school diploma or equivalent
Travel Agents 41-3041 483 467 -17 -4% -3 7 4 $14.58 $30,324 High school diploma or equivalent
Travel Guides 39-7012 59 64 5 10% 1 2 3 $22.86 $47,543 High school diploma or equivalent
Tree Trimmers and Pruners 37-3013 867 915 48 5% 10 16 26 $21.24 $44,181 High school diploma or equivalent
Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials 27-2023 247 267 20 8% 4 9 13 $15.25 $31,719 High school diploma or equivalent
Unclassified Occupation 99-9999 1865 2198 333 18% 67 49 115 $13.18 $27,424 N/A
Upholsterers 51-6093 404 397 -7 -2% -1 10 9 $13.37 $27,815 High school diploma or equivalent
Urban and Regional Planners 19-3051 795 806 12 2% 2 15 17 $36.57 $76,074 Master's degree
Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 39-3031 822 867 45 5% 9 54 63 $9.56 $19,885 No formal educational credential
Veterinarians 29-1131 793 865 72 9% 14 13 27 $47.13 $98,035 Doctoral or professional degree
Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 31-9096 620 700 80 13% 16 14 30 $12.54 $26,080 High school diploma or equivalent
Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 29-2056 1378 1565 188 14% 38 15 52 $15.10 $31,410 Associate's degree
Waiters and Waitresses 35-3031 17328 18577 1250 7% 250 876 1126 $11.31 $23,516 No formal educational credential
Watch Repairers 49-9064 154 146 -8 -5% -2 3 1 $11.77 $24,484 High school diploma or equivalent
Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators 51-8031 882 979 97 11% 19 24 43 $31.18 $64,862 High school diploma or equivalent
Web Developers 15-1134 1743 1916 173 10% 34 24 58 $26.95 $56,056 Associate's degree
Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 43-5111 644 627 -17 -3% -4 19 15 $11.58 $24,083 High school diploma or equivalent
Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 51-4121 1704 1850 147 9% 29 52 81 $19.24 $40,020 High school diploma or equivalent
Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-4122 122 121 -1 -1% 0 4 3 $17.56 $36,527 High school diploma or equivalent
Wellhead Pumpers 53-7073 250 315 65 26% 13 15 28 $25.12 $52,241 High school diploma or equivalent
Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 13-1022 1361 1462 101 7% 20 45 65 $23.64 $49,180 Bachelor's degree
Wind Turbine Service Technicians 49-9081 73 122 49 66% 10 2 11 $22.99 $47,829 Some college, no degree
Woodworkers, All Other 51-7099 133 143 11 8% 2 3 5 $14.02 $29,152 High school diploma or equivalent
Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 51-7042 251 240 -11 -4% -2 4 2 $15.60 $32,448 High school diploma or equivalent
Word Processors and Typists 43-9022 835 824 -11 -1% -2 3 1 $15.29 $31,801 High school diploma or equivalent
Writers and Authors 27-3043 3252 3544 292 9% 58 58 116 $17.69 $36,794 Bachelor's degree
Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 19-1023 221 224 3 1% 1 6 7 $29.38 $61,115 Bachelor's degree

Source: Economic Modeling Specialsts, Inc. EMSI (4th Quarter 2016)
Annual average employment estimates are rounded to the nearest whole number.

Occupation Data
Organizing regional employment information by occupation provides a workforce-oriented view of the regional economy. EMSI's occupation data are based on EMSI's industry data and regional staffing patterns taken from the Occupational Employment Statistics program (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics). Wage information is partially derived from the American Community Survey.

Educational Attainment Data
EMSI's educational attainment numbers are based on Census 1990, Census 2000, the Current Population Survey, and EMSI's demographic data. By combining these sources, EMSI interpolates for missing years and projects data at the county level. Educational attainment data cover only the population aged 25 years or more and indicate the highest level achieved.

State Data Sources
This report uses state data from the following agencies: California Labor Market Information Department.