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2nd Quarter 2017

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Total for All Occupations

Employment Employment Change Average Annual Job Openings Wage
2017 2022 Numerical Percent New Jobs Replacement Jobs Total Median Hourly Median Annual
1,351,732 1,452,196 100,465 7.43% 20,093 178,851 198,944 $25.48 $52,996
    Employment Employment Change Average Annual Job Openings Wages and Training Levels
Occupation SOC 2017 2022 Numerical Percent New Jobs Replacement Jobs Total Median Hourly Median Annual Education and Training Level
Accountants and Auditors 13-2011 15096 15689 594 3.94% 119 1573 1691 $30.47 $63,375 Bachelor's degree
Actors 27-2011 628 679 51 8.29% 10 93 103 $17.54 $36,482 Some college
Actuaries 15-2011 100 114 13 13% 3 9 11 $48.87 $101,657 Bachelor's degree
Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders 51-9191 27 30 2 7.41% 0 4 4 $17.94 $37,315 High school diploma or equivalent
Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers 23-1021 308 298 -11 -3.57% -2 17 15 $60.19 $125,202 Doctoral or professional degree
Administrative Services Managers 11-3011 2361 2501 141 5.97% 28 225 253 $41.56 $86,436 Bachelor's degree
Adult Basic and Secondary Education and Literacy Teachers and Instructors 25-3011 697 763 67 9.63% 13 94 107 $26.80 $55,754 Bachelor's degree
Advertising and Promotions Managers 11-2011 214 223 9 4.21% 2 27 29 $33.05 $68,748 Bachelor's degree
Advertising Sales Agents 41-3011 986 971 -15 -1.52% -3 145 141 $22.91 $47,654 High school diploma or equivalent
Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians 17-3021 51 53 2 3.92% 0 4 5 $41.06 $85,406 Associate's degree
Aerospace Engineers 17-2011 260 275 15 5.79% 3 19 22 $61.26 $127,423 Bachelor's degree
Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes 13-1011 263 274 10 3.8% 2 33 35 $18.46 $38,389 Bachelor's degree
Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 19-4011 200 203 3 1.5% 1 24 25 $18.48 $38,431 Associate's degree
Agricultural Engineers 17-2021 13 14 1 0% 0 1 1 $48.13 $100,106 Bachelor's degree
Agricultural Equipment Operators 45-2091 532 589 57 10.53% 11 104 116 $13.58 $28,237 No formal educational credential
Agricultural Inspectors 45-2011 183 178 -5 -2.2% -1 19 18 $15.25 $31,723 Bachelor's degree
Agricultural Workers, All Other 45-2099 115 116 1 0.88% 0 21 22 $16.87 $35,091 No formal educational credential
Air Traffic Controllers 53-2021 139 145 6 4.35% 1 13 15 $70.84 $147,356 Associate's degree
Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors 53-1011 46 54 8 17.39% 2 6 8 $23.86 $49,637 High school diploma or equivalent
Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians 49-3011 599 664 65 10.87% 13 58 71 $31.17 $64,831 Postsecondary nondegree award
Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers 51-2011 68 75 6 8.82% 1 10 11 $34.35 $71,440 High school diploma or equivalent
Airfield Operations Specialists 53-2022 36 39 3 11.43% 1 4 4 $43.96 $91,433 High school diploma or equivalent
Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers 53-2011 144 162 18 12.59% 4 17 20 $62.47 $129,930 Bachelor's degree
Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians 53-3011 12 29 16 133.33% 3 3 6 $12.90 $26,842 High school diploma or equivalent
Amusement and Recreation Attendants 39-3091 3571 3815 245 6.86% 49 1019 1068 $10.62 $22,092 No formal educational credential
Anesthesiologists 29-1061 272 289 17 5.88% 3 11 14 $114.09 $237,301 Doctoral or professional degree
Animal Breeders 45-2021 30 30 0 0% 0 6 6 $16.69 $34,714 High school diploma or equivalent
Animal Control Workers 33-9011 66 70 4 6.06% 1 7 8 $26.54 $55,212 High school diploma or equivalent
Animal Scientists 19-1011 4 4 0 0% 0 0 0 $36.51 $75,947 Bachelor's degree
Animal Trainers 39-2011 1079 1117 39 3.62% 8 163 170 $14.00 $29,123 High school diploma or equivalent
Anthropologists and Archaeologists 19-3091 137 135 -2 -1.47% 0 15 15 $32.85 $68,319 Master's degree
Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 13-2021 3219 3274 55 1.68% 11 238 249 $23.88 $49,665 Bachelor's degree
Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators 23-1022 91 99 8 8.79% 2 5 7 $31.15 $64,802 Bachelor's degree
Architects, Except Landscape and Naval 17-1011 1438 1453 15 1.04% 3 120 123 $35.21 $73,244 Bachelor's degree
Architectural and Civil Drafters 17-3011 1202 1199 -3 -0.25% -1 105 105 $28.36 $58,990 Associate's degree
Architectural and Engineering Managers 11-9041 1394 1458 63 4.52% 13 111 124 $67.17 $139,715 Bachelor's degree
Archivists 25-4011 13 13 0 8.33% 0 2 2 $26.03 $54,153 Master's degree
Art Directors 27-1011 988 1052 64 6.48% 13 110 123 $19.81 $41,209 Bachelor's degree
Artists and Related Workers, All Other 27-1019 160 177 17 10.62% 3 18 22 $13.60 $28,288 No formal educational credential
Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other 51-2099 1161 1307 146 12.67% 29 172 201 $13.30 $27,671 High school diploma or equivalent
Astronomers 19-2011 10 10 0 0% 0 1 1 $50.60 $105,246 Doctoral or professional degree
Athletes and Sports Competitors 27-2021 253 274 21 8.3% 4 42 47 $32.38 $67,343 No formal educational credential
Athletic Trainers 29-9091 124 142 19 15.45% 4 7 11 $24.10 $50,128 Bachelor's degree
Atmospheric and Space Scientists 19-2021 86 90 4 4.71% 1 9 9 $48.78 $101,464 Bachelor's degree
Audio and Video Equipment Technicians 27-4011 550 585 35 6.36% 7 64 71 $18.80 $39,098 Postsecondary nondegree award
Audio-Visual and Multimedia Collections Specialists 25-9011 87 92 5 5.75% 1 9 10 $21.33 $44,363 Bachelor's degree
Audiologists 29-1181 86 102 15 17.44% 3 5 8 $42.17 $87,715 Doctoral or professional degree
Automotive and Watercraft Service Attendants 53-6031 1285 1396 111 8.64% 22 250 273 $12.23 $25,442 No formal educational credential
Automotive Body and Related Repairers 49-3021 1508 1668 160 10.61% 32 169 201 $18.26 $37,981 High school diploma or equivalent
Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers 49-3022 239 266 27 11.3% 5 26 32 $18.83 $39,162 High school diploma or equivalent
Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 49-3023 6622 7042 421 6.36% 84 740 824 $18.40 $38,282 Postsecondary nondegree award
Avionics Technicians 49-2091 88 95 7 7.95% 1 9 11 $33.97 $70,650 Associate's degree
Baggage Porters and Bellhops 39-6011 159 179 19 11.95% 4 27 31 $10.36 $21,558 High school diploma or equivalent
Bailiffs 33-3011 10 16 6 66.67% 1 1 2 $19.71 $40,988 High school diploma or equivalent
Bakers 51-3011 1454 1620 166 11.49% 33 262 295 $13.19 $27,445 No formal educational credential
Barbers 39-5011 1020 1164 144 14.13% 29 125 154 $11.38 $23,660 Postsecondary nondegree award
Bartenders 35-3011 3610 3999 389 10.75% 78 712 789 $12.27 $25,513 No formal educational credential
Bicycle Repairers 49-3091 218 231 13 5.99% 3 32 35 $14.65 $30,482 High school diploma or equivalent
Bill and Account Collectors 43-3011 2032 2097 65 3.2% 13 276 289 $17.67 $36,745 High school diploma or equivalent
Billing and Posting Clerks 43-3021 3642 4093 451 12.38% 90 472 562 $19.19 $39,907 High school diploma or equivalent
Biochemists and Biophysicists 19-1021 189 200 11 5.82% 2 21 23 $24.52 $51,006 Doctoral or professional degree
Biological Scientists, All Other 19-1029 487 499 12 2.47% 2 54 56 $36.68 $76,305 Bachelor's degree
Biological Technicians 19-4021 378 389 12 3.18% 2 53 55 $18.36 $38,187 Bachelor's degree
Biomedical Engineers 17-2031 241 276 35 14.52% 7 19 26 $29.11 $60,539 Bachelor's degree
Boilermakers 47-2011 15 20 6 42.86% 1 2 3 $38.83 $80,770 High school diploma or equivalent
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 43-3031 13746 13896 150 1.1% 30 1796 1826 $19.54 $40,641 Some college
Brickmasons and Blockmasons 47-2021 398 471 73 18.34% 15 49 63 $20.96 $43,601 High school diploma or equivalent
Bridge and Lock Tenders 53-6011 6 6 0 20% 0 1 1 $23.64 $49,182 High school diploma or equivalent
Broadcast News Analysts 27-3021 47 48 1 2.17% 0 6 7 $30.28 $62,980 Bachelor's degree
Broadcast Technicians 27-4012 282 282 0 0% 0 32 32 $20.66 $42,971 Associate's degree
Brokerage Clerks 43-4011 212 233 21 9.91% 4 27 31 $28.51 $59,296 High school diploma or equivalent
Budget Analysts 13-2031 658 659 1 0.15% 0 56 56 $33.57 $69,829 Bachelor's degree
Building Cleaning Workers, All Other 37-2019 115 122 7 6.14% 1 18 20 $15.59 $32,437 No formal educational credential
Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 49-3031 1633 1791 158 9.68% 32 175 207 $22.67 $47,157 High school diploma or equivalent
Bus Drivers, School or Special Client 53-3022 2216 2575 359 16.21% 72 360 431 $16.50 $34,327 High school diploma or equivalent
Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity 53-3021 1450 1559 109 7.52% 22 225 246 $24.45 $50,863 High school diploma or equivalent
Business Operations Specialists, All Other 13-1199 10456 10873 417 3.98% 83 1051 1134 $35.10 $73,004 Bachelor's degree
Butchers and Meat Cutters 51-3021 1346 1448 102 7.58% 20 207 227 $15.94 $33,146 No formal educational credential
Buyers and Purchasing Agents, Farm Products 13-1021 50 52 2 6.12% 0 5 6 $37.13 $77,226 Bachelor's degree
Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 51-7011 787 789 2 0.25% 0 89 89 $17.67 $36,749 High school diploma or equivalent
Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers 49-9061 14 14 -1 -7.14% 0 2 1 $20.46 $42,551 Associate's degree
Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 27-4031 176 188 12 6.82% 2 19 22 $24.03 $49,984 Bachelor's degree
Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels 53-5021 168 180 12 7.14% 2 20 22 $37.10 $77,175 Postsecondary nondegree award
Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians 29-2031 263 292 29 11.07% 6 17 22 $36.72 $76,385 Associate's degree
Career/Technical Education Teachers, Middle School 25-2023 42 49 7 16.67% 1 4 6 $27.02 $56,201 Bachelor's degree
Career/Technical Education Teachers, Secondary School 25-2032 180 207 27 15% 5 17 22 $35.44 $73,705 Bachelor's degree
Cargo and Freight Agents 43-5011 310 350 40 12.9% 8 32 40 $26.31 $54,726 High school diploma or equivalent
Carpenters 47-2031 12669 13050 381 3.01% 76 1375 1451 $19.65 $40,870 High school diploma or equivalent
Carpet Installers 47-2041 396 394 -3 -0.76% -1 39 38 $17.16 $35,688 No formal educational credential
Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 17-1021 216 243 27 12.56% 5 20 26 $35.74 $74,332 Bachelor's degree
Cashiers 41-2011 28092 29583 1491 5.31% 298 6425 6723 $10.82 $22,501 No formal educational credential
Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers 47-2051 1785 1881 96 5.38% 19 225 244 $24.46 $50,882 No formal educational credential
Chefs and Head Cooks 35-1011 1429 1581 153 10.71% 30 205 236 $22.00 $45,761 High school diploma or equivalent
Chemical Engineers 17-2041 135 151 15 11.11% 3 11 14 $28.35 $58,962 Bachelor's degree
Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders 51-9011 50 68 18 38.78% 4 7 11 $19.44 $40,431 High school diploma or equivalent
Chemical Plant and System Operators 51-8091 15 23 8 53.33% 2 2 4 $24.77 $51,528 High school diploma or equivalent
Chemical Technicians 19-4031 191 204 13 6.81% 3 22 25 $20.68 $43,007 Associate's degree
Chemists 19-2031 449 475 26 5.8% 5 51 56 $30.91 $64,297 Bachelor's degree
Chief Executives 11-1011 5529 5922 393 7.11% 79 475 554 $45.96 $95,603 Bachelor's degree
Child, Family, and School Social Workers 21-1021 1801 1970 169 9.38% 34 218 252 $21.44 $44,595 Bachelor's degree
Childcare Workers 39-9011 10707 9214 -1493 -13.95% -299 1675 1376 $9.30 $19,338 High school diploma or equivalent
Chiropractors 29-1011 498 499 1 0.2% 0 17 17 $34.13 $70,993 Doctoral or professional degree
Choreographers 27-2032 41 44 2 4.88% 0 8 8 $25.47 $52,987 High school diploma or equivalent
Civil Engineering Technicians 17-3022 683 678 -5 -0.73% -1 54 53 $32.91 $68,459 Associate's degree
Civil Engineers 17-2051 5031 5062 31 0.64% 6 441 448 $50.79 $105,645 Bachelor's degree
Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 13-1031 3993 4145 152 3.81% 30 372 402 $33.75 $70,207 High school diploma or equivalent
Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 53-7061 3230 3484 254 7.83% 51 578 629 $11.87 $24,691 No formal educational credential
Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders 51-9192 99 112 13 13.27% 3 12 15 $15.74 $32,746 No formal educational credential
Clergy 21-2011 1646 1659 13 0.73% 3 208 210 $16.73 $34,802 Bachelor's degree
Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 19-3031 3143 3332 188 5.98% 38 285 322 $38.58 $80,245 Doctoral or professional degree
Coaches and Scouts 27-2022 2854 3119 265 9.29% 53 482 535 $14.36 $29,866 Bachelor's degree
Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-9121 285 320 35 12.32% 7 38 45 $15.10 $31,404 High school diploma or equivalent
Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 51-2021 5 5 1 25% 0 1 1 $13.61 $28,308 High school diploma or equivalent
Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers 49-9091 214 189 -25 -12.15% -5 26 21 $16.48 $34,272 High school diploma or equivalent
Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 35-3021 25073 28224 3151 12.57% 630 5895 6525 $10.41 $21,644 No formal educational credential
Commercial and Industrial Designers 27-1021 320 340 20 5.94% 4 37 41 $26.09 $54,270 Bachelor's degree
Commercial Divers 49-9092 31 28 -3 -10% -1 3 3 $15.93 $33,140 Postsecondary nondegree award
Commercial Pilots 53-2012 256 300 44 17.65% 9 31 40 $40.07 $83,336 High school diploma or equivalent
Communications Equipment Operators, All Other 43-2099 5 6 1 20% 0 1 1 $14.83 $30,840 High school diploma or equivalent
Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other 21-1099 819 889 69 8.42% 14 113 127 $31.87 $66,293 Master's degree
Community Health Workers 21-1094 460 531 71 15.47% 14 66 80 $18.04 $37,518 High school diploma or equivalent
Compensation and Benefits Managers 11-3111 79 84 5 6.41% 1 7 8 $62.75 $130,513 Bachelor's degree
Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 13-1141 2069 2100 31 1.5% 6 198 204 $31.00 $64,488 Bachelor's degree
Compliance Officers 13-1041 2207 2284 77 3.54% 15 194 209 $35.09 $72,994 Bachelor's degree
Computer and Information Research Scientists 15-1111 213 227 14 6.6% 3 15 18 $68.73 $142,964 Doctoral or professional degree
Computer and Information Systems Managers 11-3021 2628 2854 226 8.6% 45 238 283 $53.96 $112,241 Bachelor's degree
Computer Hardware Engineers 17-2061 1405 1400 -5 -0.28% -1 101 100 $60.09 $124,991 Bachelor's degree
Computer Network Architects 15-1143 792 836 44 5.56% 9 55 64 $56.06 $116,605 Bachelor's degree
Computer Network Support Specialists 15-1152 1091 1182 91 8.35% 18 94 113 $36.79 $76,513 Associate's degree
Computer Numerically Controlled Machine Tool Programmers, Metal and Plastic 51-4012 23 28 5 17.39% 1 3 4 $24.37 $50,690 High school diploma or equivalent
Computer Occupations, All Other 15-1199 1641 1736 95 5.79% 19 126 145 $35.34 $73,500 Bachelor's degree
Computer Operators 43-9011 359 355 -4 -0.84% -1 39 38 $25.97 $54,025 High school diploma or equivalent
Computer Programmers 15-1131 3846 3756 -90 -2.31% -18 274 256 $38.62 $80,333 Bachelor's degree
Computer Systems Analysts 15-1121 8883 9517 634 7.15% 127 686 813 $39.99 $83,177 Bachelor's degree
Computer User Support Specialists 15-1151 4327 4715 389 8.99% 78 376 454 $26.46 $55,038 Some college
Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers 49-2011 1298 1261 -37 -2.93% -7 143 135 $19.41 $40,366 Some college
Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 51-4011 243 293 50 20.16% 10 32 42 $19.21 $39,948 High school diploma or equivalent
Concierges 39-6012 65 80 14 21.54% 3 12 15 $16.21 $33,708 High school diploma or equivalent
Conservation Scientists 19-1031 225 231 6 2.67% 1 27 28 $29.78 $61,943 Bachelor's degree
Construction and Building Inspectors 47-4011 1013 1051 38 3.75% 8 115 123 $33.63 $69,946 High school diploma or equivalent
Construction and Related Workers, All Other 47-4099 205 228 24 11.76% 5 29 34 $17.92 $37,283 High school diploma or equivalent
Construction Laborers 47-2061 12326 13312 987 8.01% 197 1555 1753 $16.30 $33,911 No formal educational credential
Construction Managers 11-9021 3740 3621 -118 -3.16% -24 292 268 $32.51 $67,622 Bachelor's degree
Continuous Mining Machine Operators 47-5041 18 18 0 5.88% 0 2 2 $28.91 $60,141 No formal educational credential
Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door 49-9012 252 307 55 22.31% 11 27 38 $28.13 $58,517 High school diploma or equivalent
Conveyor Operators and Tenders 53-7011 112 127 15 13.39% 3 17 20 $13.88 $28,873 No formal educational credential
Cooks, All Other 35-2019 112 127 15 13.39% 3 21 24 $15.45 $32,130 No formal educational credential
Cooks, Fast Food 35-2011 7141 7023 -118 -1.65% -24 1212 1189 $10.54 $21,915 No formal educational credential
Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 35-2012 2113 2418 306 14.49% 61 389 450 $14.34 $29,834 No formal educational credential
Cooks, Private Household 35-2013 11 12 1 9.09% 0 2 2 $13.75 $28,604 Postsecondary nondegree award
Cooks, Restaurant 35-2014 7481 8444 963 12.87% 193 1365 1558 $12.64 $26,299 No formal educational credential
Cooks, Short Order 35-2015 1695 1755 60 3.6% 12 295 308 $11.43 $23,767 No formal educational credential
Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders 51-9193 14 15 1 7.69% 0 2 2 $15.70 $32,660 High school diploma or equivalent
Correctional Officers and Jailers 33-3012 2660 2774 114 4.25% 23 245 268 $30.89 $64,247 High school diploma or equivalent
Correspondence Clerks 43-4021 38 39 1 5.41% 0 5 6 $15.91 $33,094 High school diploma or equivalent
Cost Estimators 13-1051 1983 2141 158 7.97% 32 223 255 $28.84 $59,992 Bachelor's degree
Costume Attendants 39-3092 26 27 1 8% 0 7 8 $26.14 $54,362 High school diploma or equivalent
Counselors, All Other 21-1019 400 438 38 9.52% 8 51 59 $20.07 $41,744 Master's degree
Counter and Rental Clerks 41-2021 5971 6265 295 4.94% 59 972 1031 $14.04 $29,197 No formal educational credential
Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 35-3022 1847 2122 275 14.95% 55 567 622 $11.93 $24,811 No formal educational credential
Couriers and Messengers 43-5021 2051 2018 -33 -1.61% -7 215 209 $12.78 $26,579 High school diploma or equivalent
Court Reporters 23-2091 553 550 -3 -0.54% -1 42 42 $26.50 $55,110 Postsecondary nondegree award
Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 43-4031 2170 2179 9 0.41% 2 208 210 $22.14 $46,059 High school diploma or equivalent
Craft Artists 27-1012 730 770 40 5.48% 8 81 89 $7.13 $14,834 No formal educational credential
Crane and Tower Operators 53-7021 46 52 6 13.04% 1 6 8 $39.00 $81,112 High school diploma or equivalent
Credit Analysts 13-2041 326 337 11 3.69% 2 34 36 $27.26 $56,693 Bachelor's degree
Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 43-4041 53 58 6 11.54% 1 7 8 $17.72 $36,858 High school diploma or equivalent
Credit Counselors 13-2071 194 207 13 6.74% 3 19 21 $23.03 $47,892 Bachelor's degree
Crossing Guards 33-9091 330 354 24 6.97% 5 69 74 $13.07 $27,180 No formal educational credential
Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-9021 151 159 8 6% 2 20 22 $16.35 $34,017 High school diploma or equivalent
Curators 25-4012 62 68 6 8.06% 1 8 9 $28.19 $58,635 Master's degree
Customer Service Representatives 43-4051 16538 18858 2321 14.04% 464 2630 3094 $17.40 $36,185 High school diploma or equivalent
Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 51-9031 9 10 1 11.11% 0 1 1 $13.57 $28,218 No formal educational credential
Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-9032 187 208 21 11.83% 4 27 32 $18.26 $37,987 High school diploma or equivalent
Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4031 334 356 21 6.29% 4 44 48 $17.43 $36,248 High school diploma or equivalent
Dancers 27-2031 152 153 1 1.32% 0 27 27 $16.96 $35,267 No formal educational credential
Data Entry Keyers 43-9021 2223 2280 58 2.61% 12 293 304 $17.20 $35,766 High school diploma or equivalent
Database Administrators 15-1141 755 817 62 8.22% 12 58 70 $36.73 $76,393 Bachelor's degree
Demonstrators and Product Promoters 41-9011 817 823 6 0.86% 1 163 165 $17.47 $36,332 High school diploma or equivalent
Dental Assistants 31-9091 3295 3736 440 13.35% 88 471 559 $19.16 $39,853 Postsecondary nondegree award
Dental Hygienists 29-2021 1999 2267 267 13.36% 53 147 200 $45.93 $95,528 Associate's degree
Dental Laboratory Technicians 51-9081 341 425 85 25% 17 53 70 $21.44 $44,597 High school diploma or equivalent
Dentists, All Other Specialists 29-1029 95 103 8 8.51% 2 4 5 $121.28 $252,266 Doctoral or professional degree
Dentists, General 29-1021 1105 1244 139 12.58% 28 44 72 $70.06 $145,721 Doctoral or professional degree
Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas 47-5011 24 30 6 26.09% 1 3 4 $25.74 $53,543 No formal educational credential
Designers, All Other 27-1029 84 89 6 7.23% 1 10 11 $27.92 $58,065 Bachelor's degree
Desktop Publishers 43-9031 150 144 -6 -4.67% -1 18 17 $25.04 $52,093 Associate's degree
Detectives and Criminal Investigators 33-3021 1139 1139 0 -0.09% 0 96 95 $39.26 $81,668 High school diploma or equivalent
Diagnostic Medical Sonographers 29-2032 492 552 60 12.42% 12 31 44 $53.01 $110,251 Associate's degree
Dietetic Technicians 29-2051 202 225 24 11.94% 5 17 22 $21.14 $43,981 Associate's degree
Dietitians and Nutritionists 29-1031 955 1058 103 10.68% 21 69 90 $35.05 $72,898 Bachelor's degree
Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 35-9011 4198 4523 326 7.77% 65 884 949 $10.34 $21,499 No formal educational credential
Directors, Religious Activities and Education 21-2021 592 561 -31 -5.08% -6 81 75 $18.39 $38,251 Bachelor's degree
Dishwashers 35-9021 4124 4301 177 4.29% 35 854 890 $10.29 $21,404 No formal educational credential
Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 43-5032 1911 2087 176 9.27% 35 215 250 $17.84 $37,110 High school diploma or equivalent
Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers 41-9091 7910 7769 -141 -1.78% -28 1072 1044 $12.84 $26,715 No formal educational credential
Drafters, All Other 17-3019 46 49 3 6.52% 1 4 5 $26.30 $54,714 Associate's degree
Dredge Operators 53-7031 9 8 -1 0% 0 1 1 $24.54 $51,052 High school diploma or equivalent
Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4032 21 22 1 0% 0 3 3 $14.99 $31,177 High school diploma or equivalent
Driver/Sales Workers 53-3031 2330 2613 283 12.15% 57 314 370 $17.95 $37,331 High school diploma or equivalent
Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers 47-2081 2473 2295 -179 -7.24% -36 231 195 $22.31 $46,405 No formal educational credential
Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas 47-5021 206 225 20 9.76% 4 25 29 $28.12 $58,482 High school diploma or equivalent
Economists 19-3011 190 193 3 2.12% 1 17 18 $34.64 $72,053 Master's degree
Editors 27-3041 1412 1459 47 3.33% 9 181 190 $23.03 $47,910 Bachelor's degree
Education Administrators, All Other 11-9039 370 402 32 8.65% 6 31 38 $26.98 $56,120 Bachelor's degree
Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 11-9032 1614 1776 162 9.98% 32 137 169 $51.64 $107,417 Master's degree
Education Administrators, Postsecondary 11-9033 803 823 20 2.62% 4 65 69 $52.51 $109,225 Master's degree
Education Administrators, Preschool and Childcare Center/Program 11-9031 523 517 -5 -0.96% -1 42 41 $17.61 $36,624 Bachelor's degree
Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other 25-9099 1931 1972 41 2.12% 8 202 210 $15.87 $33,008 Bachelor's degree
Educational, Guidance, School, and Vocational Counselors 21-1012 1652 1800 149 9.02% 30 210 240 $31.73 $66,000 Master's degree
Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers 49-2092 83 86 2 2.41% 0 10 11 $24.96 $51,919 Postsecondary nondegree award
Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers 51-2022 1598 1532 -66 -4.13% -13 199 186 $16.23 $33,753 High school diploma or equivalent
Electrical and Electronics Drafters 17-3012 228 242 14 6.61% 3 21 24 $29.75 $61,875 Associate's degree
Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technicians 17-3023 1040 1058 18 1.73% 4 83 87 $30.21 $62,833 Associate's degree
Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment 49-2093 64 68 4 6.35% 1 7 8 $35.24 $73,301 Postsecondary nondegree award
Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment 49-2094 276 292 16 5.43% 3 30 33 $32.53 $67,673 Postsecondary nondegree award
Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay 49-2095 71 83 12 18.57% 2 8 11 $44.02 $91,571 Postsecondary nondegree award
Electrical Engineers 17-2071 1505 1577 72 4.79% 14 115 129 $48.65 $101,196 Bachelor's degree
Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 49-9051 407 558 151 37.44% 30 48 78 $50.82 $105,701 High school diploma or equivalent
Electricians 47-2111 4942 5678 735 14.87% 147 628 775 $29.88 $62,154 High school diploma or equivalent
Electro-Mechanical Technicians 17-3024 31 32 2 6.67% 0 3 3 $32.21 $66,999 Associate's degree
Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers 51-2023 217 223 6 2.3% 1 28 29 $12.55 $26,099 High school diploma or equivalent
Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles 49-2096 50 41 -9 -18.37% -2 5 3 $15.63 $32,510 Postsecondary nondegree award
Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers 49-2097 232 227 -5 -2.16% -1 26 25 $18.13 $37,719 Postsecondary nondegree award
Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 17-2072 1266 1294 29 2.29% 6 95 101 $51.34 $106,796 Bachelor's degree
Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 25-2021 8733 9634 901 10.33% 180 841 1022 $34.00 $70,726 Bachelor's degree
Elevator Installers and Repairers 47-4021 43 45 2 2.33% 0 5 6 $47.21 $98,197 High school diploma or equivalent
Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 43-4061 1700 1668 -32 -1.88% -6 157 151 $26.09 $54,277 High school diploma or equivalent
Embalmers 39-4011 32 32 0 0% 0 7 7 $20.45 $42,533 Postsecondary nondegree award
Emergency Management Directors 11-9161 148 153 4 2.7% 1 12 13 $51.31 $106,734 Bachelor's degree
Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics 29-2041 1257 1539 282 22.43% 56 83 139 $20.88 $43,436 Postsecondary nondegree award
Engine and Other Machine Assemblers 51-2031 76 87 11 14.47% 2 11 13 $15.27 $31,769 High school diploma or equivalent
Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other 17-3029 368 383 15 3.8% 3 30 33 $28.26 $58,775 Associate's degree
Engineers, All Other 17-2199 1244 1292 48 3.86% 10 96 106 $43.22 $89,895 Bachelor's degree
Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other 27-2099 842 897 55 6.54% 11 118 129 $18.91 $39,332 No formal educational credential
Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers, All Other 39-3099 32 43 12 38.71% 2 10 13 $12.35 $25,696 High school diploma or equivalent
Environmental Engineering Technicians 17-3025 145 150 6 4.17% 1 12 13 $22.70 $47,216 Associate's degree
Environmental Engineers 17-2081 1081 1096 15 1.48% 3 95 98 $51.47 $107,055 Bachelor's degree
Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health 19-4091 420 418 -2 -0.71% 0 57 56 $18.78 $39,052 Associate's degree
Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 19-2041 2720 2720 -1 -0.04% 0 306 306 $36.15 $75,185 Bachelor's degree
Epidemiologists 19-1041 112 111 -1 -0.89% 0 10 10 $39.66 $82,492 Master's degree
Etchers and Engravers 51-9194 19 19 1 5.56% 0 3 3 $18.77 $39,045 High school diploma or equivalent
Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators 53-7032 278 282 3 1.08% 1 41 42 $26.08 $54,244 High school diploma or equivalent
Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants 43-6011 5257 5211 -46 -0.88% -9 641 632 $26.46 $55,034 High school diploma or equivalent
Exercise Physiologists 29-1128 153 165 12 7.84% 2 10 13 $23.24 $48,339 Bachelor's degree
Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters 47-5031 5 5 0 25% 0 1 1 $31.15 $64,800 High school diploma or equivalent
Extraction Workers, All Other 47-5099 12 13 1 8.33% 0 2 2 $26.04 $54,156 High school diploma or equivalent
Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4021 79 86 7 7.59% 1 10 11 $11.83 $24,597 High school diploma or equivalent
Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers 51-6091 28 34 6 22.22% 1 5 6 $15.01 $31,229 High school diploma or equivalent
Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-9041 220 235 15 6.85% 3 29 32 $14.67 $30,518 High school diploma or equivalent
Fabric Menders, Except Garment 49-9093 8 9 1 0% 0 1 1 $10.45 $21,729 No formal educational credential
Fallers 45-4021 34 35 1 3.03% 0 5 5 $16.48 $34,275 High school diploma or equivalent
Family and General Practitioners 29-1062 1217 1288 71 5.92% 14 48 63 $84.89 $176,565 Doctoral or professional degree
Farm and Home Management Advisors 25-9021 76 80 4 5.26% 1 8 9 $24.66 $51,294 Master's degree
Farm Equipment Mechanics and Service Technicians 49-3041 160 183 23 14.47% 5 19 24 $23.01 $47,853 High school diploma or equivalent
Farm Labor Contractors 13-1074 31 37 6 20% 1 4 5 $22.64 $47,096 No formal educational credential
Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers 11-9013 6128 5989 -139 -2.28% -28 582 554 $16.50 $34,321 High school diploma or equivalent
Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 45-2092 7596 8089 493 6.49% 99 1464 1562 $10.84 $22,543 No formal educational credential
Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals 45-2093 734 748 14 2.05% 3 138 141 $11.93 $24,824 No formal educational credential
Fashion Designers 27-1022 127 140 13 10.32% 3 15 18 $28.90 $60,113 Bachelor's degree
Fence Erectors 47-4031 239 241 2 0.84% 0 26 26 $15.72 $32,706 No formal educational credential
Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators 51-2091 38 44 7 18.92% 1 6 7 $16.00 $33,273 High school diploma or equivalent
File Clerks 43-4071 1147 1177 30 2.53% 6 165 171 $15.75 $32,766 High school diploma or equivalent
Film and Video Editors 27-4032 196 220 23 11.73% 5 22 27 $25.27 $52,554 Bachelor's degree
Financial Analysts 13-2051 2435 2531 97 3.99% 19 240 259 $36.33 $75,571 Bachelor's degree
Financial Clerks, All Other 43-3099 229 243 13 5.68% 3 26 28 $15.69 $32,637 High school diploma or equivalent
Financial Examiners 13-2061 355 362 7 1.97% 1 34 35 $38.81 $80,730 Bachelor's degree
Financial Managers 11-3031 7015 7525 510 7.27% 102 647 749 $47.09 $97,953 Bachelor's degree
Financial Specialists, All Other 13-2099 1230 1257 27 2.28% 6 123 128 $28.70 $59,690 Bachelor's degree
Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 27-1013 1397 1468 71 5.09% 14 155 169 $10.91 $22,690 Bachelor's degree
Fire Inspectors and Investigators 33-2021 101 106 4 3.96% 1 13 14 $38.60 $80,289 Postsecondary nondegree award
Firefighters 33-2011 2306 2406 100 4.34% 20 189 209 $29.10 $60,531 Postsecondary nondegree award
First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 47-1011 4617 4710 93 2.01% 19 510 529 $28.01 $58,263 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Correctional Officers 33-1011 1064 1051 -14 -1.32% -3 82 80 $33.88 $70,477 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers 45-1011 456 466 11 2.42% 2 64 66 $18.15 $37,745 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers 33-1021 308 326 18 5.84% 4 22 26 $44.01 $91,548 Postsecondary nondegree award
First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 35-1012 6252 6955 703 11.24% 141 1101 1241 $13.58 $28,246 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand 53-1021 1213 1293 80 6.6% 16 150 166 $22.32 $46,426 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 37-1011 2422 2582 160 6.61% 32 307 339 $14.98 $31,161 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 37-1012 1166 1242 77 6.61% 15 118 133 $20.13 $41,874 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 49-1011 2820 3067 247 8.76% 49 298 347 $32.96 $68,557 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers 41-1012 6421 6973 552 8.61% 110 677 788 $18.93 $39,367 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers 43-1011 11905 12737 832 6.99% 166 1365 1531 $26.89 $55,930 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers 39-1021 2018 2249 231 11.45% 46 238 284 $12.90 $26,828 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Police and Detectives 33-1012 463 489 26 5.4% 5 37 42 $63.93 $132,970 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers 51-1011 2373 2581 207 8.72% 41 284 325 $26.04 $54,161 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service Workers, All Other 33-1099 520 580 60 11.54% 12 64 76 $19.76 $41,111 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers 41-1011 16181 17060 878 5.43% 176 2061 2236 $16.20 $33,703 High school diploma or equivalent
First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators 53-1031 1146 1244 97 8.46% 19 143 162 $28.81 $59,923 High school diploma or equivalent
Fish and Game Wardens 33-3031 117 117 0 -0.85% 0 12 12 $26.52 $55,170 Bachelor's degree
Fishers and Related Fishing Workers 45-3011 227 238 11 5.31% 2 27 29 $15.72 $32,699 No formal educational credential
Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 39-9031 3652 3932 280 7.67% 56 726 782 $20.35 $42,335 High school diploma or equivalent
Flight Attendants 53-2031 90 100 10 11.24% 2 12 14 $25.85 $53,771 High school diploma or equivalent
Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles 47-2042 223 228 5 2.24% 1 22 23 $14.09 $29,315 No formal educational credential
Floor Sanders and Finishers 47-2043 44 42 -2 -4.55% 0 4 4 $14.30 $29,742 No formal educational credential
Floral Designers 27-1023 537 544 7 1.3% 1 61 62 $12.01 $24,982 High school diploma or equivalent
Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 51-3091 78 87 9 12.99% 2 12 14 $14.68 $30,526 No formal educational credential
Food Batchmakers 51-3092 373 417 44 12.1% 9 65 74 $13.44 $27,950 High school diploma or equivalent
Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders 51-3093 255 274 20 7.87% 4 39 43 $13.10 $27,248 High school diploma or equivalent
Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other 35-9099 469 520 51 10.66% 10 100 111 $11.18 $23,264 No formal educational credential
Food Preparation Workers 35-2021 6339 6968 628 9.91% 126 1398 1523 $10.92 $22,718 No formal educational credential
Food Processing Workers, All Other 51-3099 143 172 29 19.58% 6 20 26 $11.86 $24,664 No formal educational credential
Food Scientists and Technologists 19-1012 245 256 10 4.08% 2 29 31 $26.11 $54,301 Bachelor's degree
Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 35-3041 1426 1694 268 18.81% 54 262 316 $11.41 $23,725 No formal educational credential
Food Service Managers 11-9051 3801 3975 174 4.58% 35 478 513 $15.50 $32,232 High school diploma or equivalent
Forensic Science Technicians 19-4092 93 102 9 9.78% 2 13 15 $45.06 $93,718 Bachelor's degree
Forest and Conservation Technicians 19-4093 765 762 -3 -0.39% -1 103 103 $14.95 $31,106 Associate's degree
Forest and Conservation Workers 45-4011 505 497 -8 -1.78% -2 77 75 $10.77 $22,396 High school diploma or equivalent
Forest Fire Inspectors and Prevention Specialists 33-2022 35 36 1 0% 0 4 5 $21.28 $44,272 High school diploma or equivalent
Foresters 19-1032 61 62 1 1.67% 0 7 7 $38.32 $79,707 Bachelor's degree
Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4022 15 16 1 14.29% 0 2 2 $18.03 $37,501 High school diploma or equivalent
Fundraisers 13-1131 714 763 49 6.86% 10 84 94 $31.10 $64,686 Bachelor's degree
Funeral Attendants 39-4021 233 241 8 3.45% 2 49 50 $17.02 $35,392 High school diploma or equivalent
Funeral Service Managers 11-9061 42 46 4 9.52% 1 4 4 $23.91 $49,732 Associate's degree
Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders 51-9051 28 28 0 3.7% 0 3 3 $15.37 $31,975 High school diploma or equivalent
Furniture Finishers 51-7021 152 141 -11 -6.62% -2 20 18 $14.81 $30,810 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming and Sports Book Writers and Runners 39-3012 66 69 4 6.15% 1 13 13 $13.72 $28,538 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming Cage Workers 43-3041 467 488 21 4.51% 4 71 75 $12.44 $25,874 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming Change Persons and Booth Cashiers 41-2012 227 229 2 0.88% 0 51 51 $11.87 $24,684 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming Dealers 39-3011 1955 2023 68 3.53% 14 373 387 $10.50 $21,836 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming Managers 11-9071 64 66 2 3.12% 0 8 9 $32.01 $66,580 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming Service Workers, All Other 39-3019 275 288 13 4.74% 3 53 55 $12.01 $24,985 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming Supervisors 39-1011 107 104 -3 -2.8% -1 18 17 $16.22 $33,742 High school diploma or equivalent
Gaming Surveillance Officers and Gaming Investigators 33-9031 35 36 1 2.86% 0 6 6 $14.67 $30,517 High school diploma or equivalent
Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators 53-7071 44 46 2 4.65% 0 6 7 $32.34 $67,269 High school diploma or equivalent
Gas Plant Operators 51-8092 37 54 16 43.24% 3 6 9 $41.76 $86,859 High school diploma or equivalent
General and Operations Managers 11-1021 17125 18438 1313 7.67% 263 1628 1891 $45.30 $94,226 Bachelor's degree
Genetic Counselors 29-9092 17 19 2 12.5% 0 1 1 $43.02 $89,480 Master's degree
Geographers 19-3092 16 16 0 6.67% 0 2 2 $42.15 $87,679 Bachelor's degree
Geological and Petroleum Technicians 19-4041 56 56 1 1.82% 0 6 6 $26.73 $55,598 Associate's degree
Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers 19-2042 521 532 11 2.31% 2 59 62 $46.71 $97,156 Bachelor's degree
Glaziers 47-2121 517 627 110 21.28% 22 67 89 $22.44 $46,670 High school diploma or equivalent
Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products 45-2041 469 505 36 7.46% 7 71 78 $11.42 $23,746 No formal educational credential
Graphic Designers 27-1024 2719 2848 129 4.78% 26 314 340 $20.41 $42,453 Bachelor's degree
Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand 51-9022 54 58 4 5.56% 1 7 8 $13.83 $28,766 No formal educational credential
Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4033 157 167 10 5.73% 2 21 23 $17.11 $35,587 High school diploma or equivalent
Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other 37-3019 83 92 9 12.2% 2 12 14 $21.57 $44,862 No formal educational credential
Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 39-5012 7865 8931 1066 13.56% 213 1277 1490 $12.08 $25,132 Postsecondary nondegree award
Hazardous Materials Removal Workers 47-4041 195 226 30 15.38% 6 28 34 $17.54 $36,483 High school diploma or equivalent
Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors 17-2111 209 219 10 4.81% 2 16 18 $51.06 $106,208 Bachelor's degree
Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other 29-1199 643 686 43 6.69% 8 34 43 $26.33 $54,760 Master's degree
Health Educators 21-1091 490 542 52 10.61% 10 68 79 $24.81 $51,606 Bachelor's degree
Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other 29-2099 1132 1465 334 29.53% 67 81 147 $26.22 $54,545 High school diploma or equivalent
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers, All Other 29-9099 366 405 39 10.66% 8 21 29 $28.96 $60,241 Postsecondary nondegree award
Healthcare Social Workers 21-1022 1069 1341 272 25.47% 54 141 195 $35.42 $73,671 Master's degree
Healthcare Support Workers, All Other 31-9099 898 976 78 8.57% 16 134 150 $20.09 $41,794 High school diploma or equivalent
Hearing Aid Specialists 29-2092 45 52 8 18.18% 2 3 4 $42.35 $88,084 High school diploma or equivalent
Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4191 5 7 2 40% 0 1 1 $17.97 $37,377 High school diploma or equivalent
Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 49-9021 2729 3138 409 15.03% 82 337 419 $19.15 $39,831 Postsecondary nondegree award
Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers 53-3032 18387 20420 2032 11.06% 407 2456 2862 $18.70 $38,893 Postsecondary nondegree award
Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other 47-3019 148 162 14 8.78% 3 24 27 $11.81 $24,560 No formal educational credential
Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 47-3011 459 523 65 14.19% 13 77 90 $18.27 $38,009 No formal educational credential
Helpers--Carpenters 47-3012 202 216 14 6.97% 3 33 35 $15.37 $31,978 No formal educational credential
Helpers--Electricians 47-3013 268 345 77 28.73% 15 48 64 $16.08 $33,449 High school diploma or equivalent
Helpers--Extraction Workers 47-5081 52 57 5 7.69% 1 7 8 $21.55 $44,819 High school diploma or equivalent
Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers 49-9098 591 674 83 14.07% 17 89 105 $14.06 $29,240 High school diploma or equivalent
Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons 47-3014 84 95 11 13.1% 2 14 16 $14.07 $29,267 No formal educational credential
Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 47-3015 131 175 44 34.62% 9 24 33 $18.04 $37,522 High school diploma or equivalent
Helpers--Production Workers 51-9198 2210 2434 225 10.19% 45 407 452 $11.87 $24,684 No formal educational credential
Helpers--Roofers 47-3016 63 67 4 6.35% 1 10 11 $17.27 $35,915 No formal educational credential
Highway Maintenance Workers 47-4051 382 424 41 10.73% 8 46 54 $24.25 $50,431 High school diploma or equivalent
Historians 19-3093 74 76 3 4.11% 1 9 9 $31.68 $65,897 Master's degree
Home Appliance Repairers 49-9031 611 624 13 2.13% 3 62 65 $17.15 $35,667 High school diploma or equivalent
Home Health Aides 31-1011 2685 4156 1471 54.79% 294 489 783 $12.59 $26,185 No formal educational credential
Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 35-9031 3053 3290 238 7.8% 48 907 954 $11.35 $23,602 No formal educational credential
Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 43-4081 1374 1467 93 6.85% 19 284 302 $11.46 $23,845 High school diploma or equivalent
Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping 43-4161 1114 1152 39 3.5% 8 131 139 $21.28 $44,260 Associate's degree
Human Resources Managers 11-3121 1130 1241 111 9.92% 22 111 134 $41.38 $86,076 Bachelor's degree
Human Resources Specialists 13-1071 3322 3574 251 7.56% 50 374 424 $31.99 $66,537 Bachelor's degree
Hunters and Trappers 45-3021 54 57 3 5.56% 1 6 7 $19.32 $40,179 No formal educational credential
Hydrologists 19-2043 131 130 0 0% 0 15 15 $47.35 $98,485 Bachelor's degree
Industrial Engineering Technicians 17-3026 104 116 12 11.65% 2 9 11 $26.04 $54,157 Associate's degree
Industrial Engineers 17-2112 659 731 72 10.93% 14 54 68 $39.17 $81,470 Bachelor's degree
Industrial Machinery Mechanics 49-9041 1407 1648 241 17.14% 48 157 205 $27.85 $57,927 High school diploma or equivalent
Industrial Production Managers 11-3051 753 837 83 11.02% 17 63 80 $41.37 $86,055 Bachelor's degree
Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 53-7051 2906 3109 203 6.95% 41 381 421 $15.03 $31,265 No formal educational credential
Industrial-Organizational Psychologists 19-3032 19 17 -2 -5.56% 0 2 1 $37.24 $77,451 Master's degree
Information and Record Clerks, All Other 43-4199 1739 1823 84 4.83% 17 223 240 $21.15 $43,983 High school diploma or equivalent
Information Security Analysts 15-1122 277 322 46 16.67% 9 22 32 $50.44 $104,910 Bachelor's degree
Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 51-9061 1936 2138 201 10.38% 40 290 330 $18.73 $38,966 High school diploma or equivalent
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 49-9099 2132 2275 143 6.76% 29 249 278 $16.56 $34,447 High school diploma or equivalent
Instructional Coordinators 25-9031 1670 1738 68 4.07% 14 176 190 $37.39 $77,766 Master's degree
Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall 47-2131 148 145 -3 -2.04% -1 17 16 $19.34 $40,230 No formal educational credential
Insulation Workers, Mechanical 47-2132 60 65 6 10.17% 1 7 8 $23.92 $49,748 High school diploma or equivalent
Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage 13-1032 329 308 -21 -6.38% -4 29 25 $31.68 $65,904 Postsecondary nondegree award
Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 43-9041 4350 4690 339 7.79% 68 512 580 $19.82 $41,231 High school diploma or equivalent
Insurance Sales Agents 41-3021 7959 9115 1156 14.53% 231 950 1181 $26.10 $54,285 High school diploma or equivalent
Insurance Underwriters 13-2053 1079 1029 -50 -4.63% -10 97 87 $35.07 $72,941 Bachelor's degree
Interior Designers 27-1025 1015 1036 20 1.97% 4 116 120 $21.60 $44,938 Bachelor's degree
Internists, General 29-1063 411 438 27 6.33% 5 16 22 $98.45 $204,778 Doctoral or professional degree
Interpreters and Translators 27-3091 2883 3084 202 7.01% 40 309 349 $22.28 $46,339 Bachelor's degree
Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 43-4111 1366 1454 89 6.52% 18 183 201 $20.43 $42,491 High school diploma or equivalent
Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 37-2011 19794 21188 1394 7.04% 279 3182 3460 $12.84 $26,699 No formal educational credential
Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers 51-9071 552 595 43 7.79% 9 69 78 $15.49 $32,212 High school diploma or equivalent
Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates 23-1023 125 130 5 4.03% 1 7 8 $86.81 $180,570 Doctoral or professional degree
Judicial Law Clerks 23-1012 144 137 -7 -4.9% -1 8 7 $28.88 $60,078 Doctoral or professional degree
Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 25-2012 1245 1338 93 7.47% 19 145 163 $33.70 $70,093 Bachelor's degree
Labor Relations Specialists 13-1075 976 1068 92 9.44% 18 111 129 $38.29 $79,648 Bachelor's degree
Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 53-7062 18664 20417 1753 9.39% 351 3161 3511 $13.04 $27,116 No formal educational credential
Landscape Architects 17-1012 240 243 3 0.83% 1 20 21 $33.45 $69,584 Bachelor's degree
Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 37-3011 12545 13579 1034 8.25% 207 1857 2064 $12.77 $26,565 No formal educational credential
Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4034 58 60 3 5.26% 1 8 9 $19.53 $40,619 High school diploma or equivalent
Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 51-6011 1286 1418 132 10.19% 26 209 235 $12.22 $25,414 No formal educational credential
Lawyers 23-1011 8610 8919 309 3.59% 62 484 546 $50.90 $105,877 Doctoral or professional degree
Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic 51-4192 16 17 0 0% 0 2 2 $23.04 $47,929 High school diploma or equivalent
Legal Secretaries 43-6012 1982 1971 -11 -0.56% -2 242 239 $23.35 $48,566 High school diploma or equivalent
Legal Support Workers, All Other 23-2099 370 379 9 2.43% 2 29 31 $26.30 $54,709 High school diploma or equivalent
Legislators 11-1031 313 321 8 2.88% 2 26 27 $46.20 $96,088 Bachelor's degree
Librarians 25-4021 553 586 33 5.97% 7 62 69 $34.63 $72,022 Master's degree
Library Assistants, Clerical 43-4121 600 645 45 7.51% 9 103 112 $12.89 $26,812 High school diploma or equivalent
Library Technicians 25-4031 707 756 49 7.08% 10 121 130 $19.24 $40,023 Postsecondary nondegree award
Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 29-2061 3498 4219 721 20.62% 144 271 415 $26.64 $55,413 Postsecondary nondegree award
Life Scientists, All Other 19-1099 125 124 -1 -0.81% 0 12 11 $26.47 $55,066 Bachelor's degree
Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other 19-4099 304 331 27 8.91% 5 43 48 $24.52 $51,002 Associate's degree
Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 33-9092 859 913 54 6.41% 11 246 257 $11.14 $23,168 No formal educational credential
Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers 53-3033 7576 8422 846 11.18% 169 1014 1184 $15.88 $33,025 High school diploma or equivalent
Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining 53-7033 1 1 0 0% 0 0 0 $21.77 $45,273 No formal educational credential
Loan Interviewers and Clerks 43-4131 1625 1593 -32 -1.97% -6 181 174 $19.44 $40,425 High school diploma or equivalent
Loan Officers 13-2072 3165 3008 -157 -4.93% -31 287 256 $34.94 $72,679 Bachelor's degree
Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants 39-3093 154 167 13 8.44% 3 44 47 $11.02 $22,930 High school diploma or equivalent
Locksmiths and Safe Repairers 49-9094 318 321 3 0.95% 1 36 36 $18.59 $38,672 High school diploma or equivalent
Locomotive Engineers 53-4011 282 288 6 2.13% 1 28 29 $25.53 $53,100 High school diploma or equivalent
Locomotive Firers 53-4012 8 7 -2 -25% 0 1 0 $20.68 $43,013 High school diploma or equivalent
Lodging Managers 11-9081 967 995 27 2.79% 5 114 119 $20.79 $43,249 High school diploma or equivalent
Log Graders and Scalers 45-4023 3 3 0 0% 0 0 0 $15.34 $31,907 High school diploma or equivalent
Logging Equipment Operators 45-4022 190 199 10 5.29% 2 28 30 $14.36 $29,878 High school diploma or equivalent
Logging Workers, All Other 45-4029 14 15 1 0% 0 2 2 $13.52 $28,120 High school diploma or equivalent
Logisticians 13-1081 367 402 35 9.56% 7 38 45 $38.54 $80,156 Bachelor's degree
Machine Feeders and Offbearers 53-7063 363 377 14 3.86% 3 58 60 $12.80 $26,616 No formal educational credential
Machinists 51-4041 1185 1326 141 11.91% 28 156 184 $21.86 $45,473 High school diploma or equivalent
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologists 29-2035 167 179 11 6.59% 2 10 13 $51.91 $107,975 Associate's degree
Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 37-2012 12389 12828 440 3.55% 88 2044 2132 $10.30 $21,414 No formal educational credential
Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service 43-9051 644 614 -30 -4.67% -6 84 78 $16.30 $33,909 High school diploma or equivalent
Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 49-9071 8387 9108 722 8.61% 144 949 1093 $18.71 $38,908 High school diploma or equivalent
Maintenance Workers, Machinery 49-9043 241 277 36 14.94% 7 30 38 $22.16 $46,096 High school diploma or equivalent
Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance 39-5091 55 62 8 14.81% 1 8 9 $28.83 $59,959 Postsecondary nondegree award
Management Analysts 13-1111 23754 24246 492 2.07% 98 2421 2519 $32.98 $68,596 Bachelor's degree
Managers, All Other 11-9199 14538 15869 1332 9.16% 266 1224 1491 $22.64 $47,089 Bachelor's degree
Manicurists and Pedicurists 39-5092 3180 3587 407 12.77% 81 462 543 $10.12 $21,042 Postsecondary nondegree award
Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers 49-9095 13 13 1 8.33% 0 1 1 $12.09 $25,145 High school diploma or equivalent
Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 17-2121 8 10 1 12.5% 0 1 1 $56.05 $116,594 Bachelor's degree
Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists 13-1161 4096 4524 428 10.45% 86 488 574 $28.35 $58,968 Bachelor's degree
Marketing Managers 11-2021 1723 1846 123 7.14% 25 178 203 $48.69 $101,271 Bachelor's degree
Marriage and Family Therapists 21-1013 593 642 48 8.09% 10 75 85 $23.25 $48,369 Master's degree
Massage Therapists 31-9011 2970 3380 410 13.81% 82 375 457 $13.61 $28,307 Postsecondary nondegree award
Material Moving Workers, All Other 53-7199 486 511 25 5.15% 5 63 68 $11.02 $22,917 No formal educational credential
Materials Engineers 17-2131 56 58 2 3.64% 0 4 4 $53.43 $111,140 Bachelor's degree
Materials Scientists 19-2032 58 62 4 5.17% 1 7 7 $46.79 $97,328 Bachelor's degree
Mathematical Science Occupations, All Other 15-2099 2 2 0 0% 0 0 0 $33.35 $69,364 Bachelor's degree
Mathematical Technicians 15-2091 4 4 0 0% 0 0 0 $29.62 $61,608 Bachelor's degree
Mathematicians 15-2021 37 39 2 5.56% 0 3 3 $25.45 $52,945 Master's degree
Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 51-3022 374 401 27 7.22% 5 57 63 $11.04 $22,969 No formal educational credential
Mechanical Door Repairers 49-9011 214 220 6 2.34% 1 20 21 $21.72 $45,183 High school diploma or equivalent
Mechanical Drafters 17-3013 234 247 13 6.01% 3 21 24 $27.05 $56,270 Associate's degree
Mechanical Engineering Technicians 17-3027 129 142 12 9.3% 2 11 13 $29.29 $60,925 Associate's degree
Mechanical Engineers 17-2141 1471 1593 122 8.29% 24 116 141 $45.11 $93,821 Bachelor's degree
Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other 27-4099 75 80 5 6.67% 1 9 10 $32.69 $67,995 High school diploma or equivalent
Media and Communication Workers, All Other 27-3099 182 189 7 3.85% 1 19 21 $20.63 $42,921 High school diploma or equivalent
Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians 29-2012 1367 1500 133 9.74% 27 90 116 $24.72 $51,415 Associate's degree
Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists 29-2011 548 602 54 9.85% 11 36 47 $46.40 $96,510 Bachelor's degree
Medical and Health Services Managers 11-9111 2471 2837 366 14.82% 73 228 301 $62.69 $130,393 Bachelor's degree
Medical Appliance Technicians 51-9082 80 99 18 22.5% 4 12 16 $20.50 $42,642 High school diploma or equivalent
Medical Assistants 31-9092 5961 6841 880 14.77% 176 850 1027 $17.30 $35,980 Postsecondary nondegree award
Medical Equipment Preparers 31-9093 589 645 56 9.34% 11 89 100 $24.60 $51,178 High school diploma or equivalent
Medical Equipment Repairers 49-9062 173 195 22 13.37% 4 20 25 $25.29 $52,609 Associate's degree
Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 29-2071 2022 2222 200 9.89% 40 138 178 $22.97 $47,784 Postsecondary nondegree award
Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists 19-1042 852 892 39 4.58% 8 82 90 $47.72 $99,248 Doctoral or professional degree
Medical Secretaries 43-6013 5012 5644 631 12.59% 126 656 782 $20.87 $43,418 High school diploma or equivalent
Medical Transcriptionists 31-9094 782 831 49 6.27% 10 104 114 $17.42 $36,235 Postsecondary nondegree award
Meeting, Convention, and Event Planners 13-1121 1413 1567 154 10.91% 31 188 219 $21.00 $43,686 Bachelor's degree
Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 21-1023 842 961 119 14.13% 24 105 129 $18.80 $39,106 Bachelor's degree
Mental Health Counselors 21-1014 1822 2036 213 11.69% 43 235 278 $16.10 $33,486 Master's degree
Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 27-1026 733 765 32 4.37% 6 85 91 $12.15 $25,279 High school diploma or equivalent
Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 51-4199 86 91 5 4.65% 1 11 12 $16.54 $34,403 High school diploma or equivalent
Meter Readers, Utilities 43-5041 427 436 10 2.35% 2 48 50 $20.35 $42,319 High school diploma or equivalent
Microbiologists 19-1022 112 115 3 2.7% 1 12 13 $30.10 $62,605 Bachelor's degree
Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education 25-2022 3627 4043 416 11.47% 83 352 435 $32.89 $68,417 Bachelor's degree
Military occupations 55-9999 8961 9392 431 4.81% 86 1191 1277 $19.71 $40,993 N/A
Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4035 72 67 -4 -5.63% -1 9 8 $18.12 $37,682 High school diploma or equivalent
Millwrights 49-9044 116 133 18 15.65% 4 14 17 $36.81 $76,571 High school diploma or equivalent
Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine Operators 47-5042 5 5 0 -20% 0 1 1 $30.95 $64,383 High school diploma or equivalent
Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers 17-2151 118 118 0 -0.85% 0 9 9 $61.16 $127,222 Bachelor's degree
Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-9023 651 726 75 11.54% 15 90 105 $17.79 $36,997 High school diploma or equivalent
Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 49-3042 813 847 34 4.06% 7 94 100 $25.59 $53,224 High school diploma or equivalent
Model Makers, Metal and Plastic 51-4061 3 3 0 -33.33% 0 0 0 $20.83 $43,322 High school diploma or equivalent
Model Makers, Wood 51-7031 13 14 1 16.67% 0 2 2 $21.59 $44,901 High school diploma or equivalent
Models 41-9012 113 119 6 5.36% 1 23 24 $24.24 $50,414 No formal educational credential
Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 51-9195 240 258 19 7.95% 4 29 33 $20.27 $42,170 High school diploma or equivalent
Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4072 138 154 16 11.59% 3 18 22 $12.56 $26,126 High school diploma or equivalent
Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors 39-4031 98 104 5 5.1% 1 15 16 $16.99 $35,344 Associate's degree
Motion Picture Projectionists 39-3021 8 9 1 14.29% 0 2 2 $10.83 $22,533 No formal educational credential
Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other 53-3099 298 336 39 13.13% 8 67 75 $18.07 $37,585 No formal educational credential
Motorboat Mechanics and Service Technicians 49-3051 292 297 5 1.71% 1 34 35 $16.05 $33,386 High school diploma or equivalent
Motorboat Operators 53-5022 7 7 0 0% 0 1 1 $21.20 $44,100 Postsecondary nondegree award
Motorcycle Mechanics 49-3052 162 165 3 1.86% 1 19 19 $14.01 $29,136 Postsecondary nondegree award
Multimedia Artists and Animators 27-1014 607 641 34 5.61% 7 68 74 $14.83 $30,837 Bachelor's degree
Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4081 134 165 32 24.06% 6 19 25 $15.91 $33,088 High school diploma or equivalent
Museum Technicians and Conservators 25-4013 31 36 4 12.9% 1 4 5 $16.28 $33,863 Bachelor's degree
Music Directors and Composers 27-2041 666 701 35 5.26% 7 76 83 $17.59 $36,581 Bachelor's degree
Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners 49-9063 267 262 -5 -1.88% -1 29 28 $11.72 $24,370 High school diploma or equivalent
Musicians and Singers 27-2042 3180 3382 202 6.35% 40 367 407 $18.42 $38,321 No formal educational credential
Natural Sciences Managers 11-9121 573 586 13 2.45% 3 50 53 $60.25 $125,323 Bachelor's degree
Network and Computer Systems Administrators 15-1142 1998 2131 133 6.66% 27 149 176 $40.33 $83,884 Bachelor's degree
New Accounts Clerks 43-4141 253 211 -42 -16.27% -8 26 18 $20.97 $43,618 High school diploma or equivalent
Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 39-2021 6377 6826 448 7.03% 90 1264 1353 $13.20 $27,463 High school diploma or equivalent
Nuclear Engineers 17-2161 52 53 1 0% 0 4 4 $41.71 $86,758 Bachelor's degree
Nuclear Medicine Technologists 29-2033 99 101 2 1.01% 0 6 6 $59.88 $124,541 Associate's degree
Nuclear Power Reactor Operators 51-8011 16 21 5 33.33% 1 2 3 $46.43 $96,574 High school diploma or equivalent
Nuclear Technicians 19-4051 16 19 3 18.75% 1 2 3 $41.43 $86,167 Associate's degree
Nurse Anesthetists 29-1151 70 93 23 34.78% 5 4 8 $95.19 $197,997 Master's degree
Nurse Midwives 29-1161 48 57 9 21.28% 2 3 5 $56.15 $116,802 Master's degree
Nurse Practitioners 29-1171 806 1015 210 26.09% 42 53 95 $58.06 $120,760 Master's degree
Nursing Assistants 31-1014 6272 7594 1322 21.08% 264 975 1239 $17.28 $35,948 Postsecondary nondegree award
Obstetricians and Gynecologists 29-1064 121 133 12 9.09% 2 5 7 $94.17 $195,873 Doctoral or professional degree
Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 29-9011 586 606 20 3.41% 4 33 37 $38.44 $79,949 Bachelor's degree
Occupational Health and Safety Technicians 29-9012 88 95 7 9.2% 1 5 7 $29.22 $60,769 High school diploma or equivalent
Occupational Therapists 29-1122 663 781 118 17.82% 24 43 66 $45.73 $95,110 Master's degree
Occupational Therapy Aides 31-2012 67 74 7 10.61% 1 9 10 $14.26 $29,652 High school diploma or equivalent
Occupational Therapy Assistants 31-2011 157 199 42 26.75% 8 22 31 $35.63 $74,110 Associate's degree
Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other 43-9199 6055 6331 276 4.56% 55 759 815 $12.37 $25,724 High school diploma or equivalent
Office Clerks, General 43-9061 28770 30306 1536 5.34% 307 3984 4291 $17.32 $36,018 High school diploma or equivalent
Office Machine Operators, Except Computer 43-9071 347 342 -5 -1.44% -1 48 47 $16.61 $34,557 High school diploma or equivalent
Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 47-2073 2508 2588 80 3.19% 16 309 325 $29.38 $61,105 High school diploma or equivalent
Operations Research Analysts 15-2031 1320 1476 156 11.83% 31 94 125 $32.17 $66,921 Bachelor's degree
Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians 51-9083 79 100 21 26.92% 4 12 17 $16.28 $33,865 High school diploma or equivalent
Ophthalmic Medical Technicians 29-2057 215 253 39 18.22% 8 19 27 $21.82 $45,376 Postsecondary nondegree award
Opticians, Dispensing 29-2081 533 629 96 18.05% 19 44 63 $19.61 $40,793 High school diploma or equivalent
Optometrists 29-1041 323 359 36 11.49% 7 12 19 $48.77 $101,438 Doctoral or professional degree
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons 29-1022 71 78 8 11.43% 2 3 4 $111.85 $232,648 Doctoral or professional degree
Order Clerks 43-4151 1659 1745 86 5.19% 17 240 257 $16.63 $34,600 High school diploma or equivalent
Orderlies 31-1015 463 489 26 5.84% 5 66 72 $19.93 $41,452 High school diploma or equivalent
Orthodontists 29-1023 48 54 6 12.77% 1 2 3 $107.55 $223,702 Doctoral or professional degree
Orthotists and Prosthetists 29-2091 40 49 9 23.08% 2 3 4 $48.60 $101,083 Master's degree
Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 49-3053 292 309 17 5.82% 3 35 38 $17.21 $35,790 High school diploma or equivalent
Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 51-9111 2774 3037 263 9.48% 53 397 450 $12.46 $25,916 High school diploma or equivalent
Packers and Packagers, Hand 53-7064 5021 5466 445 8.88% 89 918 1007 $11.86 $24,668 No formal educational credential
Painters, Construction and Maintenance 47-2141 4740 5045 305 6.44% 61 512 573 $15.52 $32,273 No formal educational credential
Painters, Transportation Equipment 51-9122 431 478 47 10.67% 9 56 66 $21.38 $44,461 High school diploma or equivalent
Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers 51-9123 135 145 10 8.21% 2 17 19 $13.66 $28,409 No formal educational credential
Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-9196 312 354 42 13.46% 8 42 50 $15.17 $31,550 High school diploma or equivalent
Paperhangers 47-2142 31 33 2 3.23% 0 3 4 $13.44 $27,958 No formal educational credential
Paralegals and Legal Assistants 23-2011 1940 2051 111 5.72% 22 180 202 $26.16 $54,415 Associate's degree
Parking Enforcement Workers 33-3041 77 74 -4 -5.19% -1 8 7 $23.99 $49,905 High school diploma or equivalent
Parking Lot Attendants 53-6021 889 950 61 6.87% 12 176 189 $11.33 $23,573 No formal educational credential
Parts Salespersons 41-2022 2084 2217 133 6.39% 27 295 322 $14.40 $29,953 No formal educational credential
Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic 51-4062 2 2 0 0% 0 0 0 $16.56 $34,449 High school diploma or equivalent
Patternmakers, Wood 51-7032 9 9 0 12.5% 0 1 1 $21.36 $44,436 High school diploma or equivalent
Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators 47-2071 131 136 5 3.85% 1 16 17 $28.14 $58,522 High school diploma or equivalent
Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 43-3051 2329 2384 55 2.32% 11 278 289 $22.72 $47,248 High school diploma or equivalent
Pediatricians, General 29-1065 192 204 12 6.25% 2 8 10 $82.19 $170,964 Doctoral or professional degree
Personal Care Aides 39-9021 17944 23610 5666 31.58% 1133 3589 4722 $11.09 $23,057 No formal educational credential
Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 39-9099 2112 2336 225 10.66% 45 380 425 $13.16 $27,373 High school diploma or equivalent
Personal Financial Advisors 13-2052 10053 11638 1585 15.77% 317 980 1297 $33.28 $69,221 Bachelor's degree
Pest Control Workers 37-2021 1068 1175 108 10.12% 22 163 184 $15.79 $32,849 High school diploma or equivalent
Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation 37-3012 381 418 37 9.71% 7 57 64 $17.21 $35,798 High school diploma or equivalent
Petroleum Engineers 17-2171 46 52 6 13.04% 1 4 5 $72.31 $150,396 Bachelor's degree
Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers 51-8093 90 114 24 28.09% 5 13 18 $34.44 $71,638 High school diploma or equivalent
Pharmacists 29-1051 2275 2349 74 3.25% 15 133 148 $71.09 $147,867 Doctoral or professional degree
Pharmacy Aides 31-9095 564 570 6 1.06% 1 95 96 $13.94 $28,998 High school diploma or equivalent
Pharmacy Technicians 29-2052 2628 2811 183 6.96% 37 219 256 $19.39 $40,333 High school diploma or equivalent
Phlebotomists 31-9097 499 574 74 14.83% 15 65 80 $19.25 $40,032 Postsecondary nondegree award
Photographers 27-4021 7307 7606 300 4.11% 60 762 822 $15.63 $32,508 High school diploma or equivalent
Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators 51-9151 197 183 -14 -7.14% -3 38 36 $15.73 $32,724 High school diploma or equivalent
Physical Scientists, All Other 19-2099 212 225 13 6.13% 3 21 23 $41.94 $87,228 Bachelor's degree
Physical Therapist Aides 31-2022 218 257 39 17.97% 8 31 39 $16.66 $34,659 High school diploma or equivalent
Physical Therapist Assistants 31-2021 412 499 87 21.17% 17 59 77 $31.60 $65,719 Associate's degree
Physical Therapists 29-1123 1396 1628 231 16.55% 46 79 125 $46.07 $95,825 Doctoral or professional degree
Physician Assistants 29-1071 738 868 130 17.62% 26 47 72 $55.86 $116,186 Master's degree
Physicians and Surgeons, All Other 29-1069 2198 2347 149 6.83% 30 88 117 $105.99 $220,459 Doctoral or professional degree
Physicists 19-2012 410 419 9 2.2% 2 42 44 $49.39 $102,721 Doctoral or professional degree
Pile-Driver Operators 47-2072 22 21 -1 0% 0 3 3 $35.63 $74,119 High school diploma or equivalent
Pipelayers 47-2151 310 342 33 10.68% 7 38 45 $22.67 $47,145 No formal educational credential
Plant and System Operators, All Other 51-8099 42 44 2 4.88% 0 5 6 $34.41 $71,581 High school diploma or equivalent
Plasterers and Stucco Masons 47-2161 660 648 -11 -1.67% -2 75 73 $20.25 $42,110 No formal educational credential
Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4193 45 55 10 22.22% 2 6 8 $15.14 $31,494 High school diploma or equivalent
Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 47-2152 4081 4634 553 13.58% 111 516 627 $22.78 $47,386 High school diploma or equivalent
Podiatrists 29-1081 112 109 -3 -2.7% -1 6 6 $48.66 $101,216 Doctoral or professional degree
Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers 33-3051 4783 4954 171 3.58% 34 391 426 $44.95 $93,502 High school diploma or equivalent
Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers 43-5031 659 670 11 1.67% 2 71 73 $28.26 $58,783 High school diploma or equivalent
Political Scientists 19-3094 45 48 2 4.44% 0 5 6 $59.21 $123,161 Master's degree
Postal Service Clerks 43-5051 555 521 -34 -6.13% -7 46 40 $27.33 $56,850 High school diploma or equivalent
Postal Service Mail Carriers 43-5052 2310 2205 -105 -4.55% -21 181 160 $28.39 $59,053 High school diploma or equivalent
Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators 43-5053 1142 1042 -100 -8.68% -20 102 82 $27.05 $56,260 High school diploma or equivalent
Postmasters and Mail Superintendents 11-9131 65 62 -3 -3.12% -1 5 5 $35.33 $73,484 High school diploma or equivalent
Postsecondary Teachers 25-1099 11348 11975 626 5.52% 125 1092 1217 $33.24 $69,149 Doctoral or professional degree
Power Distributors and Dispatchers 51-8012 30 35 5 16.67% 1 4 5 $52.31 $108,807 High school diploma or equivalent
Power Plant Operators 51-8013 316 308 -7 -2.22% -1 34 33 $50.81 $105,682 High school diploma or equivalent
Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other 49-9069 90 87 -3 -3.33% -1 10 9 $26.27 $54,642 High school diploma or equivalent
Prepress Technicians and Workers 51-5111 131 130 -1 -1.53% 0 19 19 $17.75 $36,919 Postsecondary nondegree award
Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 25-2011 3747 3835 88 2.35% 18 423 441 $13.55 $28,184 Associate's degree
Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 51-6021 546 591 45 8.26% 9 81 90 $13.13 $27,315 No formal educational credential
Print Binding and Finishing Workers 51-5113 367 393 26 6.81% 5 53 58 $21.88 $45,505 High school diploma or equivalent
Printing Press Operators 51-5112 1387 1475 88 6.27% 18 179 197 $15.01 $31,220 High school diploma or equivalent
Private Detectives and Investigators 33-9021 754 794 41 5.44% 8 86 94 $20.74 $43,137 High school diploma or equivalent
Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists 21-1092 1076 1061 -15 -1.4% -3 92 89 $48.01 $99,866 Bachelor's degree
Procurement Clerks 43-3061 288 297 9 3.14% 2 32 34 $22.63 $47,075 High school diploma or equivalent
Producers and Directors 27-2012 801 836 35 4.37% 7 87 94 $24.66 $51,290 Bachelor's degree
Production Workers, All Other 51-9199 1178 1369 191 16.23% 38 172 210 $14.18 $29,502 High school diploma or equivalent
Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 43-5061 2340 2525 185 7.86% 37 270 307 $21.53 $44,780 High school diploma or equivalent
Proofreaders and Copy Markers 43-9081 86 86 0 1.18% 0 12 12 $20.47 $42,572 Bachelor's degree
Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 11-9141 11466 12261 795 6.93% 159 1070 1229 $22.53 $46,858 High school diploma or equivalent
Prosthodontists 29-1024 10 11 1 10% 0 0 1 $69.18 $143,900 Doctoral or professional degree
Protective Service Workers, All Other 33-9099 1897 1958 61 3.27% 12 535 547 $12.02 $25,001 High school diploma or equivalent
Psychiatric Aides 31-1013 216 251 35 16.2% 7 33 40 $14.71 $30,592 High school diploma or equivalent
Psychiatric Technicians 29-2053 227 250 22 9.69% 4 19 24 $29.90 $62,201 Postsecondary nondegree award
Psychiatrists 29-1066 284 296 13 4.59% 3 11 14 $138.40 $287,880 Doctoral or professional degree
Psychologists, All Other 19-3039 482 511 29 6.02% 6 44 50 $44.30 $92,148 Master's degree
Public Address System and Other Announcers 27-3012 348 372 23 6.61% 5 43 48 $19.83 $41,255 High school diploma or equivalent
Public Relations and Fundraising Managers 11-2031 441 460 19 4.31% 4 45 49 $58.37 $121,407 Bachelor's degree
Public Relations Specialists 27-3031 2049 2148 98 4.78% 20 252 272 $32.67 $67,948 Bachelor's degree
Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers 53-7072 119 135 16 13.45% 3 18 21 $22.52 $46,848 High school diploma or equivalent
Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products 13-1023 1955 2113 159 8.14% 32 196 227 $32.24 $67,055 Bachelor's degree
Purchasing Managers 11-3061 315 327 12 3.82% 2 29 32 $53.31 $110,876 Bachelor's degree
Radiation Therapists 29-1124 46 55 9 20% 2 3 5 $64.36 $133,872 Associate's degree
Radio and Television Announcers 27-3011 333 333 1 0.3% 0 40 40 $24.37 $50,681 Bachelor's degree
Radio Operators 27-4013 12 12 0 -8.33% 0 1 1 $22.11 $45,998 High school diploma or equivalent
Radio, Cellular, and Tower Equipment Installers and Repairs 49-2021 78 83 5 5.13% 1 9 10 $26.81 $55,761 Associate's degree
Radiologic Technologists 29-2034 1166 1279 113 9.7% 23 74 96 $43.93 $91,366 Associate's degree
Rail Car Repairers 49-3043 165 177 12 7.93% 2 19 22 $30.95 $64,369 High school diploma or equivalent
Rail Transportation Workers, All Other 53-4099 95 100 4 4.21% 1 11 12 $37.51 $78,023 High school diploma or equivalent
Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers 53-4013 47 50 2 4.26% 0 5 5 $25.64 $53,337 High school diploma or equivalent
Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators 47-4061 64 67 3 4.76% 1 7 7 $30.93 $64,333 High school diploma or equivalent
Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators 53-4021 133 138 4 3.01% 1 15 16 $30.83 $64,125 High school diploma or equivalent
Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters 53-4031 290 296 7 2.42% 1 32 33 $30.61 $63,676 High school diploma or equivalent
Real Estate Brokers 41-9021 7706 7968 262 3.4% 52 838 891 $27.16 $56,494 High school diploma or equivalent
Real Estate Sales Agents 41-9022 25757 26625 868 3.37% 174 2802 2975 $19.65 $40,864 High school diploma or equivalent
Receptionists and Information Clerks 43-4171 7628 8422 794 10.41% 159 1240 1399 $14.76 $30,711 High school diploma or equivalent
Recreation Workers 39-9032 3964 4377 413 10.42% 83 800 883 $11.08 $23,046 High school diploma or equivalent
Recreational Therapists 29-1125 113 124 12 10.71% 2 7 10 $31.83 $66,211 Bachelor's degree
Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians 49-3092 91 94 2 2.2% 0 13 14 $19.28 $40,111 High school diploma or equivalent
Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 53-7081 1062 1192 130 12.25% 26 163 189 $17.60 $36,617 No formal educational credential
Registered Nurses 29-1141 21460 23936 2476 11.54% 495 1396 1891 $56.05 $116,576 Bachelor's degree
Rehabilitation Counselors 21-1015 1030 1193 163 15.94% 33 136 169 $18.16 $37,782 Master's degree
Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers 47-2171 378 445 66 17.46% 13 53 66 $26.31 $54,735 High school diploma or equivalent
Religious Workers, All Other 21-2099 306 304 -2 -0.65% 0 47 47 $15.05 $31,299 Bachelor's degree
Reporters and Correspondents 27-3022 384 372 -12 -3.13% -2 50 48 $18.81 $39,124 Bachelor's degree
Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 43-4181 862 909 47 5.45% 9 110 119 $14.85 $30,887 High school diploma or equivalent
Residential Advisors 39-9041 491 594 103 21.02% 21 101 122 $13.60 $28,298 High school diploma or equivalent
Respiratory Therapists 29-1126 911 965 54 5.93% 11 53 64 $44.49 $92,536 Associate's degree
Respiratory Therapy Technicians 29-2054 25 24 -2 -8% 0 2 2 $32.32 $67,218 Associate's degree
Retail Salespersons 41-2031 33233 35475 2241 6.74% 448 6032 6480 $12.19 $25,362 No formal educational credential
Riggers 49-9096 80 85 5 7.59% 1 9 10 $28.08 $58,416 High school diploma or equivalent
Rock Splitters, Quarry 47-5051 13 16 3 23.08% 1 2 2 $22.32 $46,436 No formal educational credential
Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 51-4023 23 24 1 4.35% 0 3 3 $15.84 $32,952 High school diploma or equivalent
Roof Bolters, Mining 47-5061 1 1 0 0% 0 0 0 $34.60 $71,974 High school diploma or equivalent
Roofers 47-2181 1849 1914 64 3.46% 13 221 234 $22.22 $46,222 No formal educational credential
Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas 47-5012 28 35 8 29.63% 2 4 5 $30.20 $62,807 No formal educational credential
Roustabouts, Oil and Gas 47-5071 54 74 21 39.62% 4 8 12 $21.32 $44,336 No formal educational credential
Sailors and Marine Oilers 53-5011 176 179 3 1.71% 1 23 24 $19.96 $41,517 No formal educational credential
Sales and Related Workers, All Other 41-9099 1886 2051 165 8.75% 33 313 346 $22.08 $45,921 High school diploma or equivalent
Sales Engineers 41-9031 368 396 28 7.61% 6 43 48 $52.05 $108,269 Bachelor's degree
Sales Managers 11-2022 3745 3961 216 5.74% 43 385 428 $41.64 $86,612 Bachelor's degree
Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 41-3099 7399 7967 568 7.68% 114 1046 1160 $23.71 $49,314 High school diploma or equivalent
Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 41-4012 9157 9770 613 6.71% 123 1129 1251 $26.38 $54,871 High school diploma or equivalent
Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products 41-4011 1275 1385 110 8.63% 22 159 181 $34.47 $71,695 Bachelor's degree
Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 51-7041 411 390 -22 -5.35% -4 56 52 $12.15 $25,262 High school diploma or equivalent
Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education 25-2031 7134 7784 650 9.13% 130 656 786 $34.45 $71,654 Bachelor's degree
Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 43-6014 18057 19228 1171 6.49% 234 2291 2525 $17.19 $35,749 High school diploma or equivalent
Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 41-3031 6716 6828 111 1.65% 22 734 756 $21.25 $44,201 Bachelor's degree
Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers 49-2098 439 501 61 13.9% 12 59 71 $23.31 $48,491 High school diploma or equivalent
Security Guards 33-9032 10211 11586 1375 13.48% 275 1702 1977 $12.67 $26,345 High school diploma or equivalent
Segmental Pavers 47-4091 19 21 2 10.53% 0 3 3 $13.42 $27,919 High school diploma or equivalent
Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 25-3021 4776 5394 618 12.94% 124 656 780 $18.68 $38,860 High school diploma or equivalent
Semiconductor Processors 51-9141 144 135 -9 -6.29% -2 19 17 $14.32 $29,790 Associate's degree
Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-9012 227 246 19 8.37% 4 29 33 $18.79 $39,087 High school diploma or equivalent
Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners 47-4071 179 208 28 15.64% 6 21 27 $16.93 $35,205 No formal educational credential
Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas, and Mining 47-5013 88 111 22 25% 4 11 16 $26.75 $55,641 No formal educational credential
Set and Exhibit Designers 27-1027 152 156 4 2.65% 1 17 18 $20.78 $43,220 Bachelor's degree
Sewers, Hand 51-6051 161 173 12 8.12% 2 23 25 $10.76 $22,373 No formal educational credential
Sewing Machine Operators 51-6031 558 641 84 15.08% 17 82 99 $14.22 $29,573 No formal educational credential
Shampooers 39-5093 272 321 49 17.65% 10 40 50 $8.07 $16,779 No formal educational credential
Sheet Metal Workers 47-2211 1500 1670 170 11.34% 34 174 208 $32.40 $67,382 High school diploma or equivalent
Ship Engineers 53-5031 41 42 2 5% 0 5 6 $36.09 $75,077 Postsecondary nondegree award
Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 43-5071 4179 4309 130 3.09% 26 501 527 $15.41 $32,054 High school diploma or equivalent
Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers 51-6041 149 149 0 0% 0 19 19 $12.46 $25,924 High school diploma or equivalent
Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders 51-6042 2 2 0 100% 0 0 0 $12.37 $25,724 High school diploma or equivalent
Signal and Track Switch Repairers 49-9097 64 66 2 1.56% 0 7 8 $35.20 $73,219 High school diploma or equivalent
Skincare Specialists 39-5094 726 839 113 15.56% 23 107 129 $12.74 $26,500 Postsecondary nondegree award
Slaughterers and Meat Packers 51-3023 53 55 2 5.77% 0 8 8 $12.35 $25,690 No formal educational credential
Slot Supervisors 39-1012 109 87 -22 -20.37% -4 16 12 $16.54 $34,396 High school diploma or equivalent
Social and Community Service Managers 11-9151 1420 1652 232 16.42% 46 153 199 $27.70 $57,624 Bachelor's degree
Social and Human Service Assistants 21-1093 4133 4652 519 12.56% 104 574 678 $16.54 $34,408 High school diploma or equivalent
Social Science Research Assistants 19-4061 120 127 7 5.83% 1 17 18 $20.06 $41,723 Bachelor's degree
Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other 19-3099 597 604 7 1.34% 1 68 70 $35.02 $72,847 Bachelor's degree
Social Workers, All Other 21-1029 929 943 14 1.4% 3 108 110 $34.77 $72,324 Bachelor's degree
Sociologists 19-3041 131 124 -6 -4.62% -1 14 13 $37.93 $78,896 Master's degree
Software Developers, Applications 15-1132 4855 5342 487 10.01% 97 375 472 $45.36 $94,345 Bachelor's degree
Software Developers, Systems Software 15-1133 6617 6866 248 3.75% 50 495 544 $44.70 $92,968 Bachelor's degree
Soil and Plant Scientists 19-1013 517 528 11 2.13% 2 60 62 $32.10 $66,763 Bachelor's degree
Solar Photovoltaic Installers 47-2231 229 263 34 14.85% 7 33 40 $18.80 $39,103 High school diploma or equivalent
Sound Engineering Technicians 27-4014 108 118 10 9.35% 2 13 15 $22.60 $47,002 Postsecondary nondegree award
Special Education Teachers, All Other 25-2059 91 117 26 28.57% 5 9 15 $28.51 $59,306 Bachelor's degree
Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten and Elementary School 25-2052 1190 1307 118 9.92% 24 111 135 $27.86 $57,950 Bachelor's degree
Special Education Teachers, Middle School 25-2053 383 431 49 12.83% 10 36 46 $33.23 $69,113 Bachelor's degree
Special Education Teachers, Preschool 25-2051 71 96 25 35.71% 5 8 13 $25.60 $53,250 Bachelor's degree
Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 25-2054 1028 1120 92 8.85% 18 96 114 $33.08 $68,809 Bachelor's degree
Speech-Language Pathologists 29-1127 1258 1408 150 11.92% 30 80 110 $41.61 $86,559 Master's degree
Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators 51-8021 357 365 8 2.25% 2 45 47 $34.74 $72,268 High school diploma or equivalent
Statistical Assistants 43-9111 31 32 1 3.23% 0 4 4 $22.81 $47,436 Bachelor's degree
Statisticians 15-2041 1113 1243 130 11.69% 26 85 111 $35.42 $73,669 Master's degree
Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 43-5081 14478 15411 933 6.44% 187 2285 2472 $11.81 $24,560 No formal educational credential
Stonemasons 47-2022 108 123 15 14.02% 3 13 16 $17.63 $36,680 High school diploma or equivalent
Structural Iron and Steel Workers 47-2221 457 550 93 20.13% 19 65 84 $26.35 $54,812 High school diploma or equivalent
Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters 51-2041 366 407 41 11.2% 8 41 49 $20.27 $42,168 High school diploma or equivalent
Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors 21-1011 793 883 91 11.49% 18 102 120 $15.34 $31,905 Bachelor's degree
Substitute Teachers 25-3098 7475 7972 497 6.65% 99 994 1094 $17.77 $36,971 Bachelor's degree
Subway and Streetcar Operators 53-4041 143 145 3 2.11% 0 16 17 $33.74 $70,180 High school diploma or equivalent
Surgeons 29-1067 553 580 28 5.07% 6 22 27 $110.27 $229,368 Doctoral or professional degree
Surgical Technologists 29-2055 865 988 122 14.1% 24 75 100 $30.60 $63,642 Postsecondary nondegree award
Survey Researchers 19-3022 210 217 7 3.35% 1 24 26 $24.91 $51,815 Master's degree
Surveying and Mapping Technicians 17-3031 395 388 -8 -2.03% -2 35 33 $28.89 $60,100 High school diploma or equivalent
Surveyors 17-1022 494 491 -4 -0.81% -1 44 43 $40.38 $83,983 Bachelor's degree
Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service 43-2011 682 632 -49 -7.2% -10 102 92 $17.26 $35,908 High school diploma or equivalent
Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers 51-6052 1044 1050 6 0.67% 1 143 145 $13.49 $28,065 No formal educational credential
Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders 53-7121 3 4 0 0% 0 0 0 $17.62 $36,645 No formal educational credential
Tapers 47-2082 557 515 -42 -7.54% -8 52 43 $18.76 $39,029 No formal educational credential
Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents 13-2081 3461 3371 -90 -2.6% -18 257 239 $24.46 $50,883 Bachelor's degree
Tax Preparers 13-2082 1269 1299 31 2.44% 6 157 163 $19.40 $40,350 High school diploma or equivalent
Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 53-3041 4961 6203 1242 25.04% 248 683 931 $8.99 $18,706 No formal educational credential
Teacher Assistants 25-9041 10864 11700 835 7.69% 167 1304 1471 $14.12 $29,361 Some college
Teachers and Instructors, All Other 25-3099 4855 5309 454 9.37% 91 655 746 $19.00 $39,511 Bachelor's degree
Team Assemblers 51-2092 3384 3803 419 12.42% 84 500 584 $13.63 $28,357 High school diploma or equivalent
Technical Writers 27-3042 314 336 22 6.69% 4 35 39 $33.88 $70,466 Bachelor's degree
Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers 49-2022 2868 2968 101 3.52% 20 330 350 $27.44 $57,074 Postsecondary nondegree award
Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers 49-9052 1127 1246 119 10.66% 24 136 160 $25.90 $53,871 High school diploma or equivalent
Telemarketers 41-9041 1357 1597 240 17.7% 48 276 324 $12.15 $25,268 No formal educational credential
Telephone Operators 43-2021 17 17 0 0% 0 2 2 $19.66 $40,903 High school diploma or equivalent
Tellers 43-3071 2352 2060 -291 -12.38% -58 317 259 $14.13 $29,389 High school diploma or equivalent
Terrazzo Workers and Finishers 47-2053 15 15 1 7.14% 0 2 2 $24.69 $51,345 High school diploma or equivalent
Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-6062 8 9 1 12.5% 0 1 1 $12.48 $25,969 High school diploma or equivalent
Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-6063 1 1 0 0% 0 0 0 $11.92 $24,787 High school diploma or equivalent
Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-6064 2 3 1 50% 0 0 1 $15.12 $31,449 High school diploma or equivalent
Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 51-6099 5 5 0 0% 0 1 1 $13.89 $28,887 High school diploma or equivalent
Therapists, All Other 29-1129 524 574 50 9.56% 10 35 45 $24.99 $51,974 Bachelor's degree
Tile and Marble Setters 47-2044 1114 1110 -4 -0.36% -1 109 109 $22.24 $46,260 No formal educational credential
Timing Device Assemblers and Adjusters 51-2093 1 3 2 100% 0 0 1 $19.54 $40,653 High school diploma or equivalent
Tire Builders 51-9197 1 2 1 100% 0 0 0 $19.54 $40,643 High school diploma or equivalent
Tire Repairers and Changers 49-3093 743 802 59 7.95% 12 110 122 $10.59 $22,025 High school diploma or equivalent
Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers 23-2093 742 771 30 4.05% 6 58 64 $23.29 $48,435 High school diploma or equivalent
Tool and Die Makers 51-4111 78 87 10 12.99% 2 10 12 $24.96 $51,927 High school diploma or equivalent
Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners 51-4194 47 45 -2 -4.35% 0 6 6 $18.37 $38,208 High school diploma or equivalent
Tour Guides and Escorts 39-7011 494 542 48 9.74% 10 107 117 $16.88 $35,117 High school diploma or equivalent
Traffic Technicians 53-6041 27 28 1 3.7% 0 4 4 $29.90 $62,192 High school diploma or equivalent
Training and Development Managers 11-3131 149 161 12 8.05% 2 16 19 $50.08 $104,170 Bachelor's degree
Training and Development Specialists 13-1151 1898 2075 177 9.33% 35 206 241 $35.21 $73,242 Bachelor's degree
Transit and Railroad Police 33-3052 28 29 1 0% 0 2 2 $27.91 $58,053 High school diploma or equivalent
Transportation Attendants, Except Flight Attendants 53-6061 354 378 24 6.5% 5 56 60 $16.59 $34,512 High school diploma or equivalent
Transportation Inspectors 53-6051 336 337 1 0.3% 0 40 40 $26.29 $54,682 High school diploma or equivalent
Transportation Security Screeners 33-9093 355 368 13 3.66% 3 34 37 $18.98 $39,474 High school diploma or equivalent
Transportation Workers, All Other 53-6099 128 142 14 11.02% 3 17 20 $14.95 $31,086 High school diploma or equivalent
Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 11-3071 904 954 50 5.65% 10 79 89 $41.59 $86,507 High school diploma or equivalent
Travel Agents 41-3041 558 563 5 1.08% 1 77 78 $14.56 $30,287 High school diploma or equivalent
Travel Guides 39-7012 76 82 6 8% 1 16 17 $19.88 $41,350 High school diploma or equivalent
Tree Trimmers and Pruners 37-3013 704 757 53 7.68% 11 104 115 $20.77 $43,203 High school diploma or equivalent
Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials 27-2023 257 278 20 7.78% 4 43 47 $12.43 $25,850 High school diploma or equivalent
Unclassified Occupation 99-9999 1994 2301 306 15.35% 61 280 341 $12.80 $26,619 N/A
Upholsterers 51-6093 452 451 -1 -0.22% 0 52 52 $13.33 $27,718 High school diploma or equivalent
Urban and Regional Planners 19-3051 781 786 5 0.64% 1 71 72 $37.11 $77,196 Master's degree
Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers 39-3031 843 906 63 7.6% 13 263 275 $10.84 $22,537 No formal educational credential
Veterinarians 29-1131 674 745 71 10.39% 14 33 47 $47.51 $98,831 Doctoral or professional degree
Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers 31-9096 786 886 100 12.6% 20 172 192 $13.08 $27,217 High school diploma or equivalent
Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 29-2056 1324 1525 201 15.11% 40 115 156 $14.93 $31,055 Associate's degree
Waiters and Waitresses 35-3031 17371 18691 1320 7.59% 264 4070 4333 $12.93 $26,896 No formal educational credential
Watch Repairers 49-9064 96 92 -4 -4.17% -1 10 10 $12.78 $26,576 High school diploma or equivalent
Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators 51-8031 723 871 148 20.5% 30 82 112 $33.57 $69,818 High school diploma or equivalent
Web Developers 15-1134 1694 1849 155 9.15% 31 153 184 $27.72 $57,649 Associate's degree
Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 43-5111 571 565 -5 -0.88% -1 63 62 $12.81 $26,647 High school diploma or equivalent
Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 51-4121 1871 2049 177 9.46% 36 256 291 $19.02 $39,569 High school diploma or equivalent
Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51-4122 79 84 6 7.69% 1 11 12 $17.12 $35,612 High school diploma or equivalent
Wellhead Pumpers 53-7073 271 329 58 21.85% 12 42 53 $25.05 $52,100 High school diploma or equivalent
Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products 13-1022 1498 1593 95 6.28% 19 190 209 $23.36 $48,590 Bachelor's degree
Wind Turbine Service Technicians 49-9081 73 113 40 54.79% 8 11 19 $24.16 $50,248 Some college
Woodworkers, All Other 51-7099 146 156 10 7.59% 2 18 20 $13.35 $27,764 High school diploma or equivalent
Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 51-7042 228 223 -5 -2.2% -1 31 30 $16.98 $35,320 High school diploma or equivalent
Word Processors and Typists 43-9022 884 871 -12 -1.47% -2 111 108 $15.20 $31,608 High school diploma or equivalent
Writers and Authors 27-3043 3327 3602 275 8.27% 55 375 430 $17.78 $36,974 Bachelor's degree
Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 19-1023 261 257 -4 -1.54% -1 28 27 $30.35 $63,121 Bachelor's degree

Source: Economic Modeling Specialsts, Inc. EMSI (2nd Quarter 2017)
Annual average employment estimates are rounded to the nearest whole number.

Occupation Data
Organizing regional employment information by occupation provides a workforce-oriented view of the regional economy. EMSI's occupation data are based on EMSI's industry data and regional staffing patterns taken from the Occupational Employment Statistics program (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics). Wage information is partially derived from the American Community Survey.

Educational Attainment Data
EMSI's educational attainment numbers are based on Census 1990, Census 2000, the Current Population Survey, and EMSI's demographic data. By combining these sources, EMSI interpolates for missing years and projects data at the county level. Educational attainment data cover only the population aged 25 years or more and indicate the highest level achieved.

State Data Sources
This report uses state data from the following agencies: California Labor Market Information Department.